Aankondiging oor sterftes van soldate - Geskiedenis

Aankondiging oor sterftes van soldate - Geskiedenis


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American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, 14 Oktober 2003 - Nege Amerikaanse dienslede is sedert 9 Oktober dood in sewe afsonderlike voorvalle in Irak, het amptenare van die Amerikaanse sentrale kommando gesê.

Die voorvalle hou geen verband nie, en drie van die sterftes het nie gevegsverwant nie. "Dit beklemtoon die feit dat Irak 'n gevaarlike plek is om in te werk en te werk," het mariene majoor Pete Mitchell, 'n Amerikaanse woordvoerder van die sentrale kommando, gesê. "Die beduidende vordering wat elke dag gemaak word, kom nie sonder opoffering nie."

In die ernstigste voorval is twee soldate van die 1ste Pantserdivisie dood en vier ander gewond in 'n hinderlaag in die Sadr City -distrik in Bagdad, 9 Oktober.

Die gebied is 'n arm Sjiia -deel van die stad. Onder die voormalige regime het dit die naam Saddam City gekry, maar dit is nie 'n vesting van Baath nie. Die soldate was op 'n roetine patrollie toe onbekende aanvallers omstreeks 20:00 met vuurwapens aangeval het. Nuusberigte dui aan dat die aanvallers moontlik die mededingende Shiia -milities was.

Naby Tikrit is vier soldate van die 4de Infanteriedivisie dood en twee ander is in afsonderlike voorvalle gewond. 'N Soldaat is dood toe 'n vuurpyl-aangedrewe granaat omstreeks 13:15 'n Bradley-vegvoertuig in Tikrit getref het. 13 Oktober.

Nog 'n Iron Horse -soldaat is dood en nog een is gewond toe hul Bradley -voertuig omstreeks 19:45 'n myn noordwes van Bayji getref het. 12.

'N Ander soldaat van die 4de Infanteriedivisie sterf aan wonde wat opgedoen is tydens 'n vuurpylaangedrewe granaataanval omstreeks 02:00 op 9 Oktober. Die soldaat was op reis in 'n konvooi naby Baqubah, noord van Bagdad.

Uiteindelik is 'n soldaat van die 4de Infanteriedivisie dood en twee ander is gewond tydens 'n aanval omstreeks 11:15 13, toe hul konvooi in 'n hinderlaag suidoos van Jalyula gelê is.

Mitchell het gesê dat koalisiemagte steeds 'n klein deel van die Irakse samelewing hanteer wat steeds die Baathistiese hoop onderskryf.

'Die oorweldigende meerderheid Irakse mense verwelkom ons daar,' het hy gesê. 'N Onlangse peiling in Bagdad toon dat sewe uit tien Irakezen wil hê dat die Verenigde State moet bly totdat die bedreiging vir die samelewing verwyder is, het hy gesê.

'N Derde soldaat van die gepantserde kavallerieregiment is omstreeks 21:00 dood aangetref in die Eufraatrivier naby die Mudaysis -dam in Hadithah. 13, ongeveer 20 minute nadat hulle as vermis aangemeld is. Mediese personeel het probeer om die soldaat op die toneel te laat herleef, maar hy is om 21:45 dood verklaar.

Twee soldate van die 1ste Pantserdivisie is dood en een beseer in 'n verkeersongeluk omstreeks 14:30 in Bagdad. 13.

In alle gevalle word die soldate se name weergehou in afwagting van naasbestaandes.

In die noorde het soldate van die 101ste lugafdeling 'n vyandelike aanvaller op 13 Oktober doodgemaak toe hul konvooi in die ooste van Mosul aangeval is.

Vyandse guerillas het twee vuurpylgedrewe granate en handwapens op die konvooi afgevuur. Soldate het teruggeskiet en 'n individu doodgemaak terwyl hy hom voorberei het om 'n vuurpyl-granaat af te vuur. Die eenheid het twee verkeersbeheerpunte gevestig en beslag gelê op een vuurpylgedrewe granaat, een RPK-aanvalsgeweer en vier handgranate. Daar was geen Amerikaanse slagoffers nie.

Ander 101ste soldate het vyf afsonderlike ammunisiebakke ontbloot. Die eerste kas is suidoos van Al Hadr gevind. Dit het bestaan ​​uit ongeveer 100 vuurpyl-aangedrewe granate, netjies gestapel en met strooi in 'n katrol weggesteek.

Soldate van die 1st Brigade Combat Team het twee kas noordwes van Q-West ontdek. Die eerste kas het bestaan ​​uit 23 60 mm mortierrondes, en die tweede bevat 12 82 mm mortierrondtes en 'n vuurpyl-aangedrewe granaat.

'N Irakse informant het nog 'n wapenkas uitgewys, en soldate het vyf vuurpylgedrewe granate en sewe 152 mm rondtes in 'n uitgestampte bunker suidoos van Qyarrah gevind.

Aviators van die 2de Bataljon, 17de Kavallerie, het die laaste kas tussen Bartellah en Kalah gewaar. Die kas het 40 57 mm lugafweerrondtes bevat.


Tyler ontsnap nouliks aan die dood op die USS Princeton

Op 28 Februarie 1844 vaar president John Tyler die Potomac saam met 400 ander aan boord van die Amerikaanse vloot se nuwe stoomfregat USS Princeton, sonder om te besef dat sy lewe binnekort in gevaar sal wees. Die dag was daar politieke hooggeplaastes en hul gaste, wat die welgestelde New Yorker David Gardiner en sy twee dogters ingesluit het. Die 54-jarige Tyler, 'n onlangse wewenaar, het geval vir Gardiner se jongste, die lieflike 20-jarige Julia, met wie hy 'n huwelik voorgestel het. Sy het nog nie gereageer nie.

Die  Princeton   het 'n splinternuwe kanon van 12 duim, 27 000 pond, gedra, die Peacemaker genoem. Die mede-ontwerper van die geweer, John Ericsson, het met die kaptein van die skip, wat die nuwe wapen wou demonstreer, gestry oor die vraag of dit veilig is om te ontslaan omdat hy vrees dat dit nie voldoende getoets is nie. Dae voor die vaart het kaptein Robert Stockton gespog met kongreslede en verslaggewers oor die nuwe skip en bewapening van die vloot, wat hy gehelp het om te ontwerp. Hy en die bemanning was gretig om die kanon se woede te wys, en ondanks Ericsson se waarskuwings het Stockton daarop aangedring om die kanon af te vuur tydens die Potomac -vaart. Die eerste twee suksesvolle en oor-gesplete sarsies het die skare onder groot toejuiging gestuur.

Halfpad deur die vaart, het president Tyler, onder dek, 'n heildronk voorgestel op die drie groot gewere: die  Princeton, haar bevelvoerder en die vredemaker. Toe vra die oorlogsekretaris 'n derde vuur na Mount Vernon ter ere van George Washington. Stockton het moontlik die bekommernisse van Ericsson herroep of gedink dat dit die beste is om nie hul geluk met die nuwe kanon te druk nie, omdat hy aanvanklik die sekretaris se versoek geweier het. Uiteindelik buig hy egter voor sy wense van die meerdere en gee die bevel om af te dank.

Die derde ronde was dodelik. In die ergste vredestyd van sy tyd het die kanon ontplof en verskeie aan boord doodgemaak, waaronder Julia se pa en twee lede van die Tyler -kabinet. Tyler was halfpad op met die leer na die boonste dek toe die ontploffing plaasgevind het. Julia Gardiner het flou geword toe sy hoor van haar pa se dood, en nadat die skip aangelê het, het Tyler haar in veiligheid in sy arms na veiligheid gebring. Die bewondering van Julia vir Tyler verdiep in liefde en hulle is later dieselfde jaar getroud.


Opmerkings deur president Biden oor die pad vorentoe in Afghanistan

DIE PRESIDENT: Goeie middag. Ek praat vandag met jou uit die Roosevelt & die 8212 Verdragskamer in die Withuis. Dieselfde plek waar president George W. Bush in Oktober 2001 ons land in kennis gestel het dat die Amerikaanse weermag begin het met aanvalle op opleidingskampe in Afghanistan. Dit was net 'n paar weke na die terreuraanval op ons land wat 2 977 onskuldige siele doodgemaak het wat Laer Manhattan in 'n rampgebied verander het, dele van die Pentagon verwoes het en 'n heilige grond van 'n veld in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, gemaak het. 'n Amerikaanse belofte wat ons nooit sal vergeet nie. ”

Ons het in 2001 na Afghanistan gegaan om Al -Kaïda uit te skakel om toekomstige terreuraanvalle teen die Verenigde State uit Afghanistan te voorkom. Ons doel was duidelik. Die oorsaak was regverdig. Ons NAVO -bondgenote en -vennote het langs ons saamgedrom. En ek ondersteun die militêre optrede, saam met die oorweldigende meerderheid van die lede van die kongres.

Meer as sewe jaar later, in 2008, weke voor ons die eed afgelê het, het ek en president Obama gaan sweer President Obama het my gevra om na Afghanistan te reis en verslag te doen oor die stand van die oorlog in Afghanistan . Ek het na Afghanistan gevlieg, na die Kunar -vallei en 'n ruige bergagtige gebied op die grens met Pakistan. Wat ek op die reis gesien het, versterk my oortuiging dat slegs die Afghanen die reg en verantwoordelikheid het om hul land te lei, en dat meer en eindelose Amerikaanse militêre mag nie 'n duursame Afghaanse regering kan skep of onderhou nie.

Ek het geglo dat ons teenwoordigheid in Afghanistan gefokus moet wees op die rede waarom ons in die eerste plek gegaan het: om te verseker dat Afghanistan nie as 'n basis gebruik kan word om ons vaderland weer aan te val nie. Ons het dit gedoen. Ons het die doel bereik.

Ek het gesê, onder en saam met ander, volg ons Osama bin Laden na die poorte van die hel indien nodig. Dit is presies wat ons gedoen het, en ons het hom gekry. Dit het ons byna 10 jaar geneem om president Obama se verbintenis tot — in vorm te bring. En dit is presies wat gebeur het Osama bin Laden was weg.

Dit was 10 jaar gelede. Dink daaroor na. Ons het 'n dekade gelede reg aan Bin Laden gelewer, en ons het sedertdien 'n dekade lank in Afghanistan gebly. Sedertdien word ons redes om in Afghanistan te bly al hoe duideliker, selfs al het die terreurbedreiging wat ons gaan beveg, ontwikkel.

In die afgelope 20 jaar het die bedreiging meer versprei, metastaseer oor die hele wêreld: al-Shabaab in Somalië al-Qaeda in die Arabiese Skiereiland al-Nusra in Sirië ISIS probeer 'n kalifit [kalifaat] in Sirië en Irak, en vestiging van filiale in verskeie lande in Afrika en Asië.

Aangesien die terreurbedreiging nou op baie plekke plaasvind, is dit vir my en vir ons leiers weinig sinvol om duisende troepe in slegs een land te laat konsentreer en slegs in 'n land te konsentreer. Ons kan nie die siklus van uitbreiding of uitbreiding van ons militêre teenwoordigheid in Afghanistan voortsit nie, in die hoop om ideale omstandighede vir die onttrekking te skep en 'n ander resultaat te verwag.

Ek is nou die vierde president van die Verenigde State wat die teenwoordigheid van Amerikaanse troepe in Afghanistan presideer: twee Republikeine, twee Demokrate. Ek sal hierdie verantwoordelikheid nie aan 'n vyfde oordra nie.

Nadat ek deeglik met ons bondgenote en vennote, met ons militêre leiers en intelligensiepersoneel, met ons diplomate en ons ontwikkelingsdeskundiges, met die kongres en die vise -president, sowel as met die heer Ghani en vele ander oor die hele wêreld gesels het, het ek tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat dit tyd is om Amerika se langste oorlog te beëindig. Dit is tyd dat Amerikaanse troepe huis toe kom.

Toe ek in die amp kom, het ek 'n diplomatieke ooreenkoms geërf, behoorlik onderhandel tussen die regering van die Verenigde State en die Taliban, dat alle Amerikaanse magte teen 1 Mei 2021 uit Afghanistan sou wees, net drie maande na my inhuldiging. Dit is wat ons geërf het en die verbintenis.

Dit is miskien nie wat ek self sou onderhandel het nie, maar dit was 'n ooreenkoms wat die Amerikaanse regering gemaak het, en dit beteken iets. In ooreenstemming met die ooreenkoms en met ons nasionale belange, sal die Verenigde State ons finale onttrekking begin en#8212 begin dit op 1 Mei van hierdie jaar.

Ons sal nie haastig na die uitgang jaag nie. Ons sal dit doen — ons sal dit verantwoordelik, doelbewus en veilig doen. En ons sal dit in volle koördinasie doen met ons bondgenote en vennote, wat nou meer magte in Afghanistan het as ons.

En die Taliban moet weet dat as ons ons aanval terwyl ons aftrek, ons en ons vennote sal verdedig met al die beskikbare gereedskap.

Ons bondgenote en vennote staan ​​al byna 20 jaar langs ons skouer-aan-skouer in Afghanistan, en ons is baie dankbaar vir die bydraes wat hulle gelewer het tot ons gedeelde missie en vir die opofferings wat hulle gebring het.

Die plan was al lank saam, saam. ” Amerikaanse troepe, sowel as magte wat deur ons NAVO -bondgenote en operasionele vennote ontplooi is, sal uit Afghanistan wees voordat ons die 20ste herdenking van die gruwelike aanval op 11 September vier .

Maar ons sal nie ons aandag van die terroristebedreiging afneem nie. Ons herorganiseer ons bekamping van terrorisme en die aansienlike bates in die streek om te voorkom dat die terroriste weer opkom en die bedreiging vir ons vaderland oor die horison. Ons sal die Taliban aanspreeklik hou vir sy toewyding om nie toe te laat dat terroriste die Verenigde State of sy bondgenote uit Afghaanse grond bedreig nie. Die Afghaanse regering het ook hierdie toewyding aan ons gemaak. En ons fokus ons volle aandag op die bedreiging wat ons vandag in die gesig staar.

Op my leiding, verfyn my span ons nasionale strategie om aansienlike terroristebedreigings te monitor en te ontwrig, nie net in Afghanistan nie, maar ook oral waar hulle kan ontstaan, en hulle is in Afrika, Europa, die Midde -Ooste en elders.

Ek het gister met president Bush gepraat om hom van my besluit in kennis te stel. Alhoewel hy en ek deur die jare baie meningsverskille oor beleid gehad het, was ons absoluut verenig in ons respek en ondersteuning vir die dapperheid, moed en integriteit van die vroue en mans van die Amerikaanse weermag wat gedien het. Ek is uiters dankbaar vir die dapperheid en ruggraat wat hulle getoon het deur byna twee dekades se gevegsontplooiings. Ons as 'n nasie is vir ewig aan hulle en hul gesinne dank verskuldig.

Julle weet almal dat minder as 1 persent van die Amerikaners in ons weermag dien. Die oorblywende 99 persent van hulle is ons skuldig. Ons skuld hulle. Hulle het nooit teruggetrek van 'n enkele missie wat ons van hulle gevra het nie.

Ek het hul dapperheid eerstehands gesien tydens my besoeke aan Afghanistan. Hulle het nooit gewankel in hul vasberadenheid nie. Hulle het namens ons 'n geweldige prys betaal. En hulle het die dank van 'n dankbare nasie.

Alhoewel ons nie militêr in Afghanistan betrokke sal bly nie, sal ons diplomatieke en humanitêre werk voortgaan. Ons sal die regering van Afghanistan steeds ondersteun. Ons sal voortgaan om hulp te verleen aan die Afghaanse nasionale verdedigings- en veiligheidsmagte.

En saam met ons vennote het ons die afgelope twee dekades 'n staande mag van meer as 300 000 Afgaanse personeel en honderde duisende opgelei en toegerus. En hulle sal ten duurste namens die Afghanen moedig veg. Hulle ondersteun vredesgesprekke, aangesien ons vredesgesprekke tussen die regering van Afghanistan en die Taliban sal ondersteun, gefasiliteer deur die Verenigde Nasies. En ons sal aanhou om die regte van Afghaanse vroue en meisies te ondersteun deur beduidende humanitêre en ontwikkelingshulp te handhaaf.

En ons sal ander lande en#8212 ander lande in die streek vra om meer te doen om Afghanistan, veral Pakistan, sowel as Rusland, China, Indië en Turkye te ondersteun. Hulle het almal 'n beduidende belang in die stabiele toekoms vir Afghanistan.

En in die komende maande sal ons ook bepaal hoe 'n voortgesette Amerikaanse diplomatieke teenwoordigheid in Afghanistan sal lyk, insluitend hoe ons die veiligheid van ons diplomate sal verseker.

Kyk, ek weet dat daar baie is wat hardop sal aandring dat diplomasie nie kan slaag sonder 'n sterk Amerikaanse militêre teenwoordigheid as 'n hefboom nie. Ons het daardie argument 'n dekade gegee. Dit was nooit effektief nie, nie toe ons 98.000 troepe in Afghanistan gehad het nie, en nie toe ons 'n paar duisend was nie.

Ons diplomasie berus nie daarop dat stewels op die grond in gevaar is nie. Ons moet die denke verander. Amerikaanse troepe moet nie as 'n onderhandelingsbrief gebruik word tussen strydende partye in ander lande nie. U weet, dit is niks meer as 'n resep om Amerikaanse troepe onbepaald in Afghanistan te hou nie.

Ek weet ook dat daar baie is wat sal argumenteer dat ons moet bly veg in Afghanistan, omdat onttrekking die geloofwaardigheid van Amerika sou benadeel en die invloed van Amerika in die wêreld sou verswak. Ek glo dat die teenoorgestelde waar is.

Ons is na Afghanistan as gevolg van 'n gruwelike aanval wat 20 jaar gelede plaasgevind het. Dit kan nie verklaar waarom ons in 2021 daar moet bly nie.

In plaas daarvan om terug te keer na die oorlog met die Taliban, moet ons fokus op die uitdagings wat voor ons lê. Ons moet terroriste -netwerke en -operasies wat sedert 9/11 versprei het, opspoor en ontwrig.

Ons moet die Amerikaanse mededingendheid versterk om te voldoen aan die strawwe mededinging wat ons in 'n toenemend selfgeldende China ondervind. Ons moet ons alliansies versterk en met eendersdenkende vennote saamwerk om te verseker dat die reëls van internasionale norme wat kuberbedreigings beheer en opkomende tegnologieë wat ons toekoms sal vorm, gebaseer is op ons demokratiese waardes, en nie#8212 se waardes nie. outokrate.

Ons moet hierdie pandemie verslaan en die wêreldwye gesondheidstelsel versterk om voor te berei op die volgende pandemie, want daar sal nog 'n pandemie wees.

Weet u, ons sal op die lang termyn baie meer formidabel wees vir ons teëstanders en mededingers as ons die gevegte vir die volgende 20 jaar veg, nie die laaste 20 nie.

En laastens is die hoofargument om langer te bly, waarmee elkeen van my drie voorgangers worstel: Niemand wil sê dat ons vir ewig in Afghanistan moet wees nie, maar hulle dring daarop aan dat dit nie die regte tyd is om te vertrek nie.

In 2014 het die NAVO 'n verklaring uitgereik waarin bevestig word dat die Afghaanse veiligheidsmagte teen die einde van daardie jaar die volle verantwoordelikheid vir hul land se veiligheid sou hê. Dit was sewe jaar gelede.

So wanneer is dit die regte oomblik om te vertrek? Nog 'n jaar, nog twee jaar, nog tien jaar? Tien, twintig, dertig miljard dollar meer as die biljoen wat ons al bestee het?

'Nie nou nie' — dit is hoe ons hier gekom het. En op hierdie oomblik is daar 'n beduidende nadeelrisiko om langer as 1 Mei te bly sonder 'n duidelike rooster vir vertrek.

As ons in plaas daarvan die benadering volg waar Amerika se uitgang in Amerika verband hou met toestande ter plaatse, moet ons duidelike antwoorde hê op die volgende vrae: Net watter voorwaardes is nodig om te kan vertrek? Met watter middele en hoe lank sal dit neem om dit te bereik, as dit enigsins bereik kan word? En teen watter ekstra koste in lewens en skatte?

Ek hoor geen goeie antwoorde op hierdie vrae nie. En as u dit nie kan beantwoord nie, moet ons na my mening nie bly nie. Die feit is dat ek later vandag die Arlington National Cemetery, afdeling 60, sal besoek en die heilige gedenkteken vir Amerikaanse opoffering.

Afdeling sisty [sic] — Afdeling 60 is waar ons onlangse oorlogsterftes begrawe word, waaronder baie van die vroue en mans wat gesterf het in die stryd in Afghanistan en Irak. Daar is geen troosteafstand in die geskiedenis in Afdeling 60. Die hartseer is rou. Dit is 'n visuele herinnering aan die lewenskoste van oorlog.

Sedert ek vise -president geword het, het ek die afgelope 12 jaar 'n kaart by my gehad wat my herinner aan die presiese aantal Amerikaanse troepe wat in Irak en Afghanistan gedood is. Die presiese getal, nie 'n benaderings- of afgeronde getal nie, want elkeen van die dooies is heilige mense wat hele gesinne agtergelaat het. 'N Presiese verslag van elke enkele een moet gedoen word.

Vanaf die dag — vandag is daar tweehonderd en veertig — 2,488 [2,448] Amerikaanse troepe en personeel wat gesterf het in Operation Enduring Freedom en Operation Freedom's Sentinel — ons konflikte in Afghanistan. 20 722 is gewond.

Ek is die eerste president in 40 jaar wat weet wat dit beteken om 'n kind in 'n oorlogsgebied te bedien. En gedurende hierdie proses het my North Star onthou hoe dit was toe my oorlede seun, Beau, na Irak ontplooi is, en hoe trots hy was om sy land te dien, hoe dringend hy met sy eenheid sou wees en die impak daarvan het hom en ons almal by die huis gehad.

Ons het vandag reeds dienslede wat hul plig in Afghanistan doen, wie se ouers in dieselfde oorlog gedien het. Ons het dienslede wat nog nie gebore is toe ons land op 9/11 aangeval is nie.

Oorlog in Afghanistan was nooit 'n multi-generasie onderneming nie. Ons is aangeval. Ons het oorlog toe gegaan met duidelike doelwitte. Ons het hierdie doelwitte bereik. Bin Laden is dood, en al -Qaeda word in Irak en#8212 in Afghanistan afgebreek. En dit is tyd om die ewige oorlog te beëindig.

Dankie almal vir die luister. Mag God ons troepe beskerm. Mag God al die gesinne seën wat iemand in hierdie poging verloor het.


Wat het gelei tot die dood van 28 soldate van 1 weermagbasis? Kongres wil weet

KILLEEN, Texas - Die kongres begin 'n ondersoek na seksuele aanranding, verdwynings, sterftes en die reaksie van die leierskap by Fort Hood nadat 28 soldate wat by die Amerikaanse weermagbasis in Texas gestasioneer is, vanjaar dood is. Die aankondiging is Dinsdag deur twee leiers van die subkomitee gedoen.

Demokratiese verteenwoordigers Stephen Lynch van Massachusetts en Jackie Speier van Kalifornië het 'n brief gestuur aan die weermagsekretaris Ryan D. McCarthy waarin dokumente en inligting aangevra word oor die sterftes. Lynch is voorsitter van die subkomitee vir nasionale veiligheid oor hervorming en hervorming, en Speier lei die subkomitee oor militêre personeel in die komitee oor gewapende dienste.

Volgens die brief sal die subkomitees gesamentlik ondersoek instel of onlangse sterftes 'simptomaties kan wees van onderliggende leierskap, dissipline en morele tekortkominge in die hele kommandoketting'.

Volgens die brief was daar gemiddeld 129 misdade wat jaarliks ​​in Fort Hood tussen 2014 en 2019 gepleeg is, insluitend gevalle van moord, seksuele aanranding, ontvoering, roof en ernstige aanranding.

Die lede van die kongres noem die dood van Spc. Vanessa Guillen, wat volgens federale amptenare in April op die Texas -basis doodgeslaan is deur 'n medesoldaat, en Pvt. Gregory Morales, wie se oorskot in Junie gevind is terwyl hy na Guillen gesoek het. Morales is in Augustus 2019 as vermis aangemeld.

Die brief noem ook Pvt. Mejhor Morta en sers. Ouderling Fernandes, wie se dood nog ondersoek word, en die moordondersoeke van Pvt. Brandon Scott Rosecrans, Spc. Freddy Delacruz Jr. en Spc. Shelby Tyler Jones.

Volgens die brief het McCarthy tydens 'n besoek aan Texas in Augustus gesê dat Fort Hood die "hoogste, die meeste gevalle vir seksuele aanranding en teistering en moorde vir ons hele vorming van die Amerikaanse weermag het."

Lynch en Speier het gesê dat hulle die toestande en omstandighede wat tot die dood van die soldate kon bygedra het, rapporteer en geregtigheid soek namens soldate en gesinne, 'wat moontlik misluk het deur 'n militêre stelsel en kultuur wat uiteindelik verantwoordelik was vir hul sorg en beskerming. "

Die familie van Guillen, wie se oorskot op 1 Julie gevind is, het van Texas na die deure van die Withuis gekom en 'n kongresondersoek gevra. Natalie Khawam, wat die Guillen -familie verteenwoordig, is dankbaar dat die kongres ingestem het tot hul eise om dit te ondersoek.


Die 25 ergste oomblikke in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis

1804: Aaron Burr vermoor een van die grootste figure in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis, Alexander Hamilton, in 'n tweegeveg.

1814: Britse magte verbrand die Withuis tydens die oorlog van 1812.

1838: Die spoor van trane. 4000 Cherokees sterf tydens 'n gedwonge verhuising na die Weste.

1857: Die Dred Scott -besluit. Die Hooggeregshof beslis in wese dat swart mense niks anders as eiendom is soos 'n stoel of rusbank nie.

1861: Die bombardement van Fort Sumter was die begin van die burgeroorlog.

1862: Die slag van Antietam was die enigste bloedigste dag in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis met 25 000 soldate wat dood, gewond of vermis is.

1865: Abraham Lincoln word vermoor. Een van ons grootste presidente, indien nie ons grootste president nie, is kort na die begin van sy tweede termyn vermoor.

1900: 'n Orkaan tref Galveston, Texas, wat 6000 mense doodmaak in die ergste ramp in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis.

1917: The Zimmerman Telegraph. Duitsland se minister van buitelandse sake, Arthur Zimmermann, stuur 'n telegram na Mexiko om hulle aan te moedig om die Verenigde State aan te val. Die Britte onderskep die telegram en stuur dit na die Verenigde State, waar dit tot Amerika se toetrede tot die Eerste Wêreldoorlog gelei het.

1918: Die grieppandemie begin in Fort Riley, Kansas. Teen die tyd dat dit verby was, 25% van die Amerikaanse bevolking sou siek word en volgens sommige ramings is daar meer as 'n halfmiljoen Amerikaners dood.

1929: 'n Massiewe waardeverlaging van die aandelemark het gehelp om die Groot Depressie aan die gang te sit, wat geduur het totdat die toenemende ekonomiese aktiwiteit wat deur die Tweede Wêreldoorlog aangewakker is, ons in die regte rigting kon terugkeer.

1941: Pearl Harbor. 'N Datum wat inderdaad in berugte sal lewe ”.

1942: Die Amerikaanse regering het tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat internasionaal Japannese-Amerikaanse burgers die beste van 'n aantal slegte opsies. Ongeveer honderdduisend Japannese Amerikaners beland in kampe.

1949: Die Sowjetunie toets 'n atoombom. Vir die volgende 50 jaar vrees Amerikaners dat die Koue Oorlog met 'n kernoorlog sal eindig.

1950: Terwyl Amerikaanse en Rok -magte gereed was om die Norks te voltooi en Korea te herenig, het 'n Chinese offensief hulle heeltemal verras en hulle teruggedryf, amper in die see voordat hulle hergroepeer, teruggedruk het en daarin geslaag het om hulle tot 'n dooiepunt te beveg. .

1961: Invasie van die Bay of Pigs. Kennedy se besluit om voort te gaan met die inval en hulle dan te ontken dat lugsteun die hele onderneming tot mislukking gedoem het. Vandag, 44 jaar later, is Fidel Castro, 'n harde vyand van die Verenigde State, steeds aan bewind.

1963: In 'n gebeurtenis wat die Amerikaanse psige geskend het en ontelbare samesweringsteorieë gelewer het, word John F. Kennedy vermoor.

1968: Die Tet -offensief was 'n verpletterende nederlaag vir Noord -Viëtnamese magte, maar is verkeerdelik deur die Amerikaanse media as 'n groot oorwinning vir hulle uitgebeeld. Dit was 'n belangrike gebeurtenis in die vernietiging van die Amerikaanse publiek se steun vir die oorlog.

1968: Martin Luther King, die grootste burgerregte -leier in Amerika, word vermoor.

1973: Die Hooggeregshof se beslissing Roe v. Wade lei tot die wettiging van aborsie landwyd en die dood van talle miljoene onskuldige kinders.

1974: Richard Nixon bedank nadat hy deur Watergate in die skande gesteek is, 'n skandaal wat die Amerikaanse geloof in die regering laat wankel het.

1975: Nadat die Demokrate in die Kongres hulp afgesny en lugondersteuning belowe het, was Suid -Viëtnam gedoem. Toe Saigon eintlik val, was dit 'n simbool van 'n ramp wat die oorlog in Viëtnam blyk te wees.

1977: Jimmy Carter oorhandig beheer oor die Panamakanaal aan Panama hoofsaaklik omdat hulle daarvoor gevra het.

1995: Bomaanval in Oklahoma City. 168 mense sterf terwyl die Alfred P. Murrah Federale Gebou deur binnelandse terroriste vernietig word.

2001: 9/11. Terreurgekloppers val die Twin Towers en Pentagon aan, maak byna 3000 Amerikaners dood en begin 'n oorlog teen terrorisme.

U kan die 25 grootste oomblikke in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis sien “ hier.


5. Hoekom

In militêre toespraak is die doel van hierdie program om akkurate en akkurate verslagdoening, waardige en menswaardige kennisgewing en doeltreffende, deeglike en deernisvolle hulp aan die naasbestaandes en/of diegene wat aangewys is om voordele/regte te ontvang. 8221

Die nakoming van riglyne kan ook help om verwarring of in die ergste geval regskwessies te voorkom. Formele prosedures help ook om die gesin te beskerm teen swendelary wat gebruik maak van ontplooide dienslede (ja - dit is 'n ding, en dit is veral gruwelik).

Maar dit is 'n baie meer heilige en mens plig as dit. Op baie maniere is die versorging van diegene wat agterbly die ware manier om die nagedagtenis aan 'n gevalle held te eer.

Gewild

Hoe om die woord van 'n dood te versprei

Selfs voordat die aankondiging van die dood gedruk is, wil u hê dat sekere mense moet weet dat daar 'n dood is.

  • Oproep. Dit is die outydse manier: mond tot mond. Die meeste mense tel eenvoudig die telefoon op. U sal u naaste familielede en vriende bel om hulle te waarsku dat u geliefde oorlede is.
  • Teks. Stuur 'n massateks. Soek almal in u telefoonkontakte waarmee u moontlik in aanraking wil kom, en laat weet hulle almal tegelyk. U kan so min of soveel op een slag laat weet.
  • Skep 'n ketting van mense. Jy bel twee of drie mense, laat hulle twee of drie mense bel ensovoorts. Almal met wie u kontak het, sal binnekort van u verlies weet. Dit help om iemand op hierdie tydstip 'n bietjie las te laat neem. Moenie bang wees om ondersteuning te vra nie.
  • Plaas op sosiale media. Soos met die meeste groot lewensgebeurtenisse (verlowings, geboortes, ens.) Kommunikeer die meeste mense direk per telefoon of sms met hul naaste handjievol vriende en familie. Daarna gaan die nuus na sosiale media. Meer hieroor volgende …

Honderde Jihadiste voer geskiedenis uit en dodelikste aanval op die Nigeriese weermag

119 BOUREIMA HAMA/AFP via Getty

'N Jihadiste het 71 soldate doodgemaak tydens 'n terreuraanval op 'n afgeleë militêre kamp in Niger naby die grens met Mali, het 'n woordvoerder van die weermag Woensdag bevestig in die dodelikste aanval op die weermag in die land se geskiedenis.

In 'n aankondiging op staatstelevisie, het weermagwoordvoerder kolonel Boubacar Hassan bevestig dat honderde honderde jihadiste die aanval Dinsdagaand oor 'n tydperk van ongeveer drie uur by die weermagbasis in die westelike stad Inates geloods het.

Die geveg het bestaan ​​uit seldsame geweld, die kombinasie van artillerie -skulpe en die gebruik van kamikaze -voertuie deur die vyand, ” het hy gesê.

Hassan het bygevoeg dat 'n verdere 12 soldate gewond is en 'n ongespesifiseerde aantal ander vermis word, terwyl 'n beduidende aantal#8221 militante ook dood is. Anonieme bronne het aan die plaaslike media gesê dat daar nog steeds 30 soldate ontneem is.

Geen organisasie het nog na vore gekom om die moorde te eis nie, alhoewel daar vermoed word dat terroriste van Al-Qaeda en die Islamitiese Staat-groep (IS) daaragter was, gegewe hoe hulle reeds vanjaar verskeie aanvalle op troepe in die Sahel-streek uitgevoer het .

Die Nigeriese president, Mahamadou Issoufou, het Woensdagaand teruggekeer na 'n besoek aan Egipte, het sy kantoor op Twitter aangekondig.

Le Président de la République, Chef suprême des armées, SEM @IssoufouMhm en interrompu sa participation à la Conférence sur «la Paix Durable, la Sécurité et le Développement en #Afrique» qui se tient en #Egypte pour rentrer à #Niamey suite au drame survenu à #Inates.

& mdash Présidence du Niger (@PresidenceNiger) 11 Desember 2019

Die aanval kom enkele dae voordat Issoufou beplan het om 'n beraad in Frankryk by te woon met president Emmanuel Macron en die leiers van vyf ander Wes -Afrikaanse lande om die verslegtende veiligheid in die streek te bespreek. Die vergadering is nou tot vroeg volgende jaar uitgestel.

Al vyf lande, naamlik Mauritanië, Mali, Burkina Faso en Tsjaad, is deel van die G5 Sahel -troepemag, wat in 2014 gestig is om onstabiliteit en geweld in die hele streek te verminder.

Beide die Verenigde State en Frankryk het troepe na Niger ontplooi om die plaaslike weermag te help met die deel van intelligensie en operasies terwyl hulle probeer om Islamitiese groepe soos Boko Haram en al-Qaeda uit die streek uit te wis.

Duisende mense is die afgelope jaar dood as gevolg van geweld in die uitgestrekte Sahel-streek sedert 2012 toe militante groepe in opstand gekom het in die noorde van Mali na die omverwerping van die Libiese diktator Muammar al-Gaddafi.

Die geweld het sedertdien versprei oor Mali en na die naburige Niger en Burkina, met tientalle soortgelyke aanvalle ondanks die teenwoordigheid van Amerikaanse en Franse magte.

Einde verlede maand is 13 Franse soldate in Mali dood ná 'n botsing tussen twee helikopters tydens 'n militêre operasie, wat later die swaarste verlies vir die Franse weermag in 40 jaar was.


Rekords vir WW1 War Dead van die Verenigde State van Amerika

Kruis vir die Amerikaanse soldaat Philip J Fay, privaat 1ste klas, wat by die 310ste infanterie in die 78ste afdeling dien. He was from Rhode Island and he died 22 nd September 1918. This burial is in the American military cemetery at St. Mihiel in France.

The American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) is the war graves agency responsible for the care and maintenance of WW1 graves of soldiers serving with the United States Armed Forces during the First World War. For information about the agency and its work go to our page at:


A Grim Task: Military-Death Notification

Among the many thousands of men and women who chose to serve in the military, few volunteer for the duty of death notification. As the nation honors those killed in the line of duty, those who work intimately with the families of the fallen share their stories. (Originally broadcast May 29, 2006.)

Dit is PRAAT VAN DIE VOLK. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. The United States has had an all-volunteer military since the end of the Vietnam War. But even amongst those many thousands of men and women who've chosen to serve their country, few volunteer for the duty of death notification. It takes a special kind of bravery to walk up to a parent or a spouse's door, knock, and deliver awful news.

On this Memorial Day, as the nation remembers all the men and women killed in the line of duty in ceremonies and parades, we'll talk with Marine Major Steve Beck, who works intimately with the family and the friends of the fallen. He, and the Marines under his command, were profiled by the Rocky Mountain News in a Pulitzer Prize winning series of stories called Final Salute. Rocky Mountain News photographer Todd Heisler joins us as well.

Please note: This is a rebroadcast, and we're not going to be able to take any new calls today. Later in the program, Chicago Tribune columnist Mary Schmich on the words that date us. But first: The Final Salute. Our first guest served for 28 years as a U.S. Army Chaplin, Colonel Eric Wester joins us now from his office at the U.S. Army Chaplin School at Fort Jackson in Columbia, South Carolina. And thanks very much for taking the time to be with us today.

CHAPLAIN ERIC WESTER: You're welcome, Neal. Pleased to join you.

CONAN: How do you prepare yourself to walk up to the home of a fallen soldier and ring the doorbell?

WESTER: Well, I think one of the most important things that I do, as a chaplain, is to try to focus my thoughts about my role, which is to be there as a spiritual support to the family, and also, to the officer who delivers the news. Chaplains usually don't personally deliver the news of a death or a serious wound of a loved one, but the Army designates a person of equal or greater rank to make that walk. And chaplains are usually walking alongside.

CONAN: Because you're part of a team at that point.

WESTER: That's right. We usually go up as a pair. And, often, it's a matter of a couple of hours of preparation for the two of us. And, as you mentioned about the grim duty, it really does take somebody a few minutes to steel themselves to go up and see to those parents or that spouse.

CONAN: I'm sure there have been moments, waiting on the sidewalk before doing it, where it takes a few moments to gather yourself.

WESTER: It sure does, Neal. And one of the desires of the military is to deliver the news as quickly as possible. So it's not uncommon to get a call on an off-hour, to come in to meet up with another officer or senior NCO, and drive over and actually be sitting in a car just around the corner somewhere.

And in those moments, as I'm sitting there with that notification officer, there's time for quiet reflection, taking seriously our own calling as people in uniform, some prayer together, often, and then a commitment to do what is so important to us, which is to honor the soldier by doing the very best we can to deliver a compassionate, though very painful, news.

CONAN: Time is critical because in this day and age when soldiers have access to email and satellite telephones and the like, you certainly want to make sure that the official process is the way people are notified, that they don't find out.

WESTER: That's very important, Neal, especially because of the importance of getting accurate information. You know, technology is both our friend and a kind of a complicating part of the story. As you say, cell phones and satellite phones, and things like that today, people in the war zone have almost immediate contact with family members.

The services do try to put some policies in place. And members who survive an attack, for example, or one of their buddies is killed or wounded, they know that it's important that the family get the information officially to make sure it as accurate as possible.

CONAN: I wonder, as soon as somebody answers that doorbell or that knock, and they see you and an officer or a noncom there, do you they know what you're there for?

WESTER: Oh, Neal, that symbolism of having a government vehicle out in front of the house and walking up to the door - when they swing open that door, it's almost as if the words have almost no way to really soak into their experience because of what they see, you know, two soldiers dressed in their Class A uniform. Yes, it's unmistakable. In every case I've made that walk, before the notification officer gets a word out, the grief has already started.

CONAN: How long do you stay with them?

WESTER: Well, at the notification, we're normally there for anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour. In many case - well, I mean, every case is different. People grieve in their own way. In some cases, families are even reluctant to open their door. It's almost as if they can say no, no, no.

It will at least delay what they are anticipating. And in those cases, it's often - it takes a little bit longer not only to get in the house to personally deliver the news but also to help support and encourage them. I mean, the grief is sometimes just overwhelming.

And in addition to the two of us, the notification officer and myself as the chaplain, being with them in their living room. As we get a chance to talk a bit, I try to identify if they have clergy from their family, a minister, priest or rabbi that we might call or other family close by that could spend time with them because the shock of that initial notification really requires some other compassionate, loving presence with them.

CONAN: Joining us now is Bill(ph), Bill calling from Roanoke in Virginia.

BILL: I just wanted to - well, of course, with the Memorial Day today, I remember very much friends who didn't make it. But the last assignment I had on active duty was in Fort Devens, Massachusetts and, as an additional duty, was notification officer, which is the person that actually goes and notifies the parents or next of kin that their son, in Vietnam case there were no daughters or at least none that I did, died.

CONAN: Fort Devens, I believe closed some time ago. Wanneer was dit?

BILL: This was Vietnam. This was '71 through '73.

CONAN: Another unpopular war.

BILL: Oh, absolutely. And, quite frankly, in New England, being an officer in uniform was not, at the best of times, a popular person. And delivering bad news was even worse.

BILL: But they had - I thought they were very wise in having two separate officers. One was the notification officer. This was the person who delivered the news. And then, within 24 hours, they had what they called the survivor assistance officer, a different person who is not labeled with that face. That face didn't have the bad news associated with it, and that person was there to basically handle everything.

I mean, they told us that no matter what they wanted us to do, if it was legal, it was our job to do it for them. We arranged funerals we did everything.

CONAN: I wonder, Bill, do you remember each and every one of those? Do they blur together at all?

BILL: No, I remember every single one. I remember every single phone call at 4:30 in the morning. I remember driving to every single house. I remember once going to a place in a - what would have been an idyllic, Robert Frost snowfall into southern New Hampshire, and knowing that on this beautiful day I was going to be destroying some family's lives.

CONAN: In Vietnam, was there also the emphasis on getting there quickly?

BILL: Oh, yes, yes. It was a very - I think probably because of a number of casualties - it was a very well-oiled system. Like I said, I'd get the phone call, probably within 24 to 48 hours after the individual had died. And by 4:30 in the morning, I had the information, and it was my duty to get it to the people as soon as possible and with the greatest amount of honor and dignity.

CONAN: What measures did you have to take to make sure you were first?

BILL: What do you mean, the.

CONAN: The first to deliver the information.

BILL: Oh, that - well, one of the things that they told us was to make sure they knew exactly where to go without any fumbling around. In other words, we looked on maps. We tried to find the place. And we were directed to not seek directions from any place other than a police station if we absolutely had to because as soon as you appeared on the front door and rang that doorbell - as soon as they opened the door, they knew.

And you could see it on their face and you could just see their world collapse. And it was heart-wrenching. But I felt that it was a duty that probably had the greatest importance of just about anything I ever had to do. And I did it with the greatest amount of feeling that I could without - I guess, you know, it sounds strange - but without becoming emotionally involved. Does that sound sort of strange? I guess.

CONAN: I don't know. Chaplain Wester, what do you think, without getting emotionally involved?

WESTER: Well, exactly what Bill's saying is something that I would underscore, which is for many NCOs or officers who are appointed to do this notification, many of them say it's the most difficult thing they've had to do in their service career and the most important.

And I think, in many ways, having a formula, a ritual, something that gives the notification officer a formula for presenting the news, it helps. It really helps the notification officer stay focused. But I know from many times of walking back out from the front door to the car and sitting there with the officer and just collecting our thoughts and remembering what's happened, it affects all of us very deeply.

WESTER: But, I think, in the moment, a guy like Bill wants to do what he can to represent the military service and our nation, to pay tribute even in that moment to a family.

CONAN: Bill, thank you very much for the call. We appreciate it.

BILL: Well, thank you and Happy Memorial Day.

CONAN: You, too. We're going to take a short break now, more after the - afterwards. I'm Neal Conan. You're listening to TALK OF THE NATION from NPR News.

CONAN: This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. Today, we're talking about remembrance and grief and the difficult job of delivering news that nobody wants to hear: that a loved one in the armed forces has been killed. Our guest is Colonel Eric Wester, a chaplain with the U.S. Army.

The Rocky Mountain News published a special report called Final Salute in honor of Veteran's Day. The series profiled one Marine, Major Steve Beck, over the course of the year, as he performed this tough duty: death notification and casualty assistance. Final Salute won Pulitzer Prizes both for feature writing and feature photography.

Todd Heisler was the photographer of this series and he joins us now from the studios of member station KFCR in Centennial, Colorado, and nice to have you on the program today.

TODD HEISLER: Thank you. It's a pleasure to be here.

CONAN: What was the impetus of this story?

HEISLER: This story started - I'm going to speak for Jim Sheeler, the writer, who wasn't able to be here today. But it started - his first Iraq assignment was to cover the home front. And he had covered Thomas Slocomb's funeral. He was killed in March of '03.

And he had - he had found out, during the course of the funeral process, that when the family went to the funeral home to go see his remains, he had found out that Marines had stayed at the family's house to guard the house to make sure that nobody tried to break in or bother them.

And when he talked to Terry Cooper(ph), Thomas Slocomb's mother, later on, he said, you know, I didn't realize all the things that the Marines did for you. I didn't realize that they stayed at your house. And she said there are a lot of things you don't know.

And that's kind of what started this. And Jim had talked about getting behind the stare to try to get, you know, show people that there are real people behind this duty and that there are, you know, there are real lives that are being affected.

CONAN: The - one of the principal figures you profiled was Major Steve Beck. Major Beck joins us now from Fort Collins, Colorado, where he's participating in Memorial Day services. And, Major, welcome, nice to have you take the time to be with us today.

CONAN: Did you volunteer for this duty or is this part of the job of whoever's with that particular unit?

BECK: Which duty would that be?

CONAN: The notification duty.

BECK: Oh, you don't volunteer for that. You're basically assigned that. If someone - if there's a Marine that falls in - from this state - from the state of Colorado, then it basically falls - is a responsibility of the local Marine unit that's there.

CONAN: And how is it that these two journalists, Todd Heisler and Jim Sheeler, were allowed to watch this very painful and private process?

BECK: Well, the - it came down to telling a story about the Marines themselves. Matter of fact, I met Jim Sheeler at Fort Logan National Cemetery during a service for Kyle Burns and Sam Holder, two Marines that died in the same engagement, basically trying to save their fellow Marines. And he wanted to talk to me about basically a story about those Marines. And he wrote a story called "The Tale of Two Tombstones" about those two Marines as well.

And so that kind of began this relationship with him and my desires to ensure that these Marines were not forgotten. And so we tried to tell their stories from their families' perspectives and make sure that everyone else gets to know - comes to know these people, these great Americans that gave them a gift that's hard to repay.

CONAN: Todd Heisler, you were the person who was there. I assume you had to be very careful not to intrude.

HEISLER: Yeah. That was the most important part for me was that I didn't make the pain any worse. I had to get close because I didn't want this to be - to go unnoticed, this experience. And the families, the families let me in, and I had to be very sensitive to them to not make that pain any worse. But I also had a responsibility to them to do the best job that I could with the images.

CONAN: We have a link to the Final Salute series at our Web site. To read the report - prepare for it, it's moving - and see Todd's photographs, you can visit our website at NPR.org. Let's get another caller on the line. And this is Dave(ph). Dave's calling us from Florida. Dave, are you there?

CONAN: Hi, you're on the air.

DAVE: Thank you. I was part of a very old team in North Carolina during the Korean War. And it was my job to present the flag, after it's been folded, to the parents after the firing of the salute over the grave. And this one time - of course, these are things I'll never forget - but this one time, the parents, both of them, refused to accept the flag.

I guess they were just in a state of shock. Anyway, I returned to the ranks, and we marched off, as we always do. And, eventually, we did get the flag to the parents. But I was - it was quite an emotional thing for all of us. You know, we had a station wagon, and we come back to camp, you know, after the event. And this time nobody said a word. We just sat there, couldn't believe it. That was my experience.

CONAN: Thank you for that, Dave.

CONAN: Appreciate the phone call.

CONAN: Let me ask you: anger has got to be - as Dave was describing at that particular funeral - anger has got to be a big part of this. Major Beck, do you get that reaction sometimes?

BECK: Well, yes. I'll say, in a word, absolutely. The people are angry because they've lost someone extremely dear to them. They are angry - the anger is, it's more of a sorrowful anger than anger at any one particular individual.

Now, I've had anger directed toward me, but it's not - they're not doing that because they're truly angry with me. I mean, I've - and other casualty officers that are there to help. It's just that it's a natural human response to be somewhat angry when someone you love has been taken from you.

CONAN: Chaplain Wester, I assume you've had that experience, as well.

WESTER: Yes, I've really seen quite a gamut of reactions and anger is one that's somewhat common. And I think Major Beck says it very well - that it's not anger directed at the notification officer or, as some might suspect, anger toward, you know, the Army or the military or anything like that.

I think it's just that sorrowful overwhelming sense of grief and sadness and regret that all pours out, sometimes in the form of anger, sometimes in the form of tears you know, sometimes in a more stoic way, which, over time, gives way to some other kinds of feelings and reactions. But anger is a piece of it.

CONAN: Let's get Ed on the line. Ed's calling from California.

CONAN: Hi, you're on the air, Ed.

ED: Thank you. I had both a question and an experience from notification. Thirty-nine years ago this Memorial Weekend, I was 13, and my father was killed in action in Vietnam he was a Special Forces Green Beret. And what I remember about the notification was that when the doorbell rang, I walked to the door with my mother not knowing who was outside.

And when we opened the door - and this is the only part of the notification I remember because as you said earlier in the show, people are in shock once they realize what happened you pretty much don't remember anything else, but this still stands out in my mind today.

As we opened the door, it was a large, black Army man, a sergeant, I believe - if I remember looking at his insignia correctly I was 13 at the time. But he was in his Class A uniform and he was already crying before we opened the door.

And he could barely get the words out to us. And he was by himself. And then, of course, he handed the Union telegram to my mom. And I think it maybe lasted all of, from what I can remember, maybe five minutes. And she closed the door. And, you know, as I said, she reacted to the shock differently.

But I just wanted to share that experience that it was so traumatic for this gentleman, I can still see his face today exactly. I mean, I could almost describe it to a T, and the tears streaming down his face before we even opened the door, notified us of my father's death.

CONAN: Yeah. Major Beck, you have to know that for many families, yours is the face that they will remember for the rest of their lives.

BECK: I do, but for all the families that I've been with, I'm very thankful that they'll never forget my face because I'm not going to forget theirs. And I'm going to spend the rest of my life in deep friendship with them as much as I can.

CONAN: Do you try not to show emotion?

BECK: No, but I'm very unsuccessful if I attempt to do something like that. I try to be - I try to stand as strong as I can for them at that time because I'm supposed to be their oak at that time.

CONAN: There's a wonderful description in the Rocky Mountain News series that Todd Heisler took the photographs for, of you saying the people who advised you about this job when you were fist assigned, it said don't hug them.

BECK: Right. Reg. I really don't know - the first time I had to do a notification the - I asked for advice from the base - folks at the base that actually do it for the Air Force, and that was the advice I got. And I think that it was just - it's not me. I think that it's probably comes from a lesson learned somewhere in the past. And - but for me it was just simply wasn't going to work that way. And it never did. So.

CONAN: Ed, you had a question as well?

ED: Yes. And last night, I watched "We Were Soldiers," which was presented on I think CBS it was. The first time I had seen the movie. I know it was in theaters a few years back. And one of the things - I found a lot of it accurate from what I can remember from my dad talking about and what I read about Vietnam. But one of the things I was kind of surprised, and they indicated why it was. The initial battle that took place in '65 in la Trang Valley where they lost so many - had so many casualties all at once. And the Army was so overwhelmed by it, that their notification process was they handed the stack of Union Telegrams to a Yellow cab driver, and he was to go to the house and take it up to the door. And I was wondering if that was accurate. They said the Yellow cab drivers were given the notices just to go hand them out, because the Army was so overwhelmed they weren't prepared with - for a notification system yet.

CONAN: Chaplain Wester, are you familiar with this history?

WESTER: Well, I - to some degree, I am, Neal. And I - actually I spent a little time during this weekend trying to dig out a little bit more detail about the history and background on this notification. And it - what's often the case in the military is we kind of borrow whatever worked from the last war and bring it in to the next war. And I - as I mentioned earlier, this business about technology as our friend, or sometimes a real challenge with cellphones etc., but when it comes to notification and the telegrams, at the time that was actually viewed, in the '40s, as a step forward in the - during World War II, it was the normal practice at the beginning of the war to convey this information about casualties over a cable, or over a radio reading the names of those who were seriously wounded or killed back to a military base in the U.S. And then those - that information was just distributed so.

CONAN: Now, casualty lists I remember being posted Civil War. Obviously, I don't remember, but I remember reading about it.

WESTER: Right. So, as I say, the idea of a telegram getting the news there faster was viewed as a positive step forward. You know now, these years later, a telegram seems kind of like an artifact from the long past. And the more personal element of this I think has only grown as the size of the military continues to go down and just the human bond. One of the guys also mentioned something about the sheer volume of casualties. Boy, I came across something that just stunned me about World War II. There was a day, May 27, 1945 - this was representative. But on that single day, there were 7,278 telegrams dispatched.

CONAN: Ed, thanks very much for the call. I'm sorry we couldn't get a better answer to your question.

ED: Oh, that kind of answers it there. I mean, they seem like the movie was pretty accurate, so I'm assuming they had researched it, but I had never heard that before so - but I appreciate your taking my call.

CONAN: Joe Galloway was a good reporter. Anyway, thanks very much, Ed.

CONAN: Bye-bye. We're talking about death notification, and you're listening to TALK OF THE NATION from NPR News.

And Brad(ph) is on the line. Brad calling from Jackson, Wyoming.

BRAD: Hi, there. I actually had a question for Todd. I've seen your work as a photojournalist out here in Wyoming. I'm very impressed by what both of you have done - I think it's both to honor the Marines and to sort of honor their memory and whatnot. But I guess the question I had for both of you was what did the families think of the articles and the photographs that you've produced? And are you still in contact with them? And I guess I'll take my answer off the air.

HEISLER: Thank you very much. The families that - we have been in contact with the families. And actually, when we found out that we were - we had won the Pulitzer, we invited Katherine Kathy and her parents and Terri Cooper, the mother of Tommie Slocomb. We had them to the newsroom along with Major Beck to kind of share in the experience because, you know, we felt that it was theirs as well. And Terri Cooper said something - and she is not even mentioned in this story, she was on the first story. And she's mentioned something that really stuck with me, and she said that this is just another memorial to my son. And that seems to be the feeling that we had gotten from every family that's involved in this piece, that they felt that it was true to their experience, and that it represented them well.

CONAN: Major Beck, I understand you got to go to the ceremony in New York where the Pulitzer Prize was presented. I wonder what that was like.

BECK: I did. It was - it was a somewhat somber event for me. I think that what Todd and Jim actually pulled off, you know, the fact that they won is one thing. But the fact that they were able to tell a story that, frankly, has never really been told and to tell it properly, to learn about our culture, to learn about the Marine culture in particular and what we try to do for one another and when we fall has been important. And I think that those that have attempted to tell that story probably have failed. And their dedication to telling it right, to getting it right, and then staying true to the family and the fallen Marines was just wonderful. And the families - I'm in touch with all the families still, and I will remain so for the rest of my life. And so.

CONAN: The article describes one mother saying I thought this Band of Brothers stuff was just nonsense.

BECK: I don't think that was the word she used, but anyway.

CONAN: It may not have been the word she used, no.

BECK: But yeah, that's Joe Burns, Jocelyn Burns out of Wyoming. Indeed, her son, she - Kyle Burns - really she just thought it was a bunch of hurrah young men. But our dedication to one another goes much, much deeper than that. Our heritage goes back a long, long way.

CONAN: Major Beck, thank you very much for being with us today.

CONAN: Steve Beck joined us from Fort Collins, Colorado. Todd Heisler, congratulations on the Pulitzer and thank you too.

CONAN: Todd Heisler, the photographer, the Pulitzer Prize-winning special report "Final Salute," published in the Rocky Mountain News. And he joined us from the studios of member station KFCR in Centennial, Colorado. Chaplain Wester, I wanted to thank you so much for your time today. We appreciate it.

WESTER: My pleasure, Neal. I wish everyone a Memorial Day that really pays tribute to all those have served. So thanks for the opportunity.

CONAN: Chaplain Eric Wester, a colonel with the U.S. Army, joined us from his office at the U.S. Army Chaplain School at Fort Jackson in Columbia, South Carolina. This is TALK OF THE NATION from NPR News. I'm Neal Conan in Washington.

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