Cheyenne

Cheyenne


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Die Cheyenne, 'n belangrike stam van die Algonquiaanse Indiane, het oorspronklik in Minnesota gewoon en het die fort van LaSalle in Illinois besoek in 1680. Die naam is afgelei van die Dakota -woord wat "mense van vreemde spraak" beteken. Hulle is deur die Sioux uit die vlaktes gedruk en die Lewis en Clark -ekspedisie het berig dat hulle wes van die Black Hills woon.

Hulle stig 'n konfederasie met die Arapahoes en baklei gereeld met die Sioux and Crows. In 1835 het ongeveer die helfte van die stam die advies van William Bent gevolg om na die omgewing van Bent se fort naby die Arkansasrivier te verhuis en 'n skeiding tussen die noordelike en suidelike Cheyenne te skep.

Na die Ashley Hollow -veldtog van 1855 van General Harney, het die Cheyenne by die Sioux aangesluit in weerstand teen koloniste en was tussen 1860 en 1878 een van die aktiefste magte wat die Amerikaanse regeringstroepe gekant het. Hulle is uiteindelik tussen September 1878 en Januarie 1879 in die veldtog Dull Knife onderwerp.


Cheyenne - Geskiedenis

Die Cheyenne -mense dra 'n stamnaam wat hulle van hul Siouiese bondgenote gekry het toe hulle almal in die 1500's in die huidige Minnesota gewoon het. Die naam beteken "buitelandse sprekers" en is deur die Sioux gebruik met verwysing na die Algonquian-sprekende stamme. Die Cheyenne verwys egter na hulself met die naam "Tsistsistas", 'n ou term waarvan die betekenis daarvan onseker is. Hierdie naam het eers in die laat 1800's in druk verskyn en word nie algemeen deur nie-Cheyenne gebruik nie, beide omdat die term "Cheyenne" in Amerikaanse historiese dokumente ingebed is en omdat baie Engelssprekendes dit moeilik vind om "Tsistsistas" uit te spreek. Die term word egter verkies deur diegene wat die Cheyenne -taal praat en die tradisionele kultuur aanhang. Ongeveer agthonderd Cheyenne in Oklahoma praat steeds hul moedertaal.

Uit Minnesota het die Cheyenne-bande, wat toe nie perde gehad het nie, in die 1700's weswaarts migreer en alliansies ontwikkel met die Lakota, of Teton Sioux, en het die Teton voor die Mississippirivier voorafgegaan in die huidige Noord- en Suid-Dakota. Alhoewel die Cheyenne jagters en versamelaars in Minnesota was, het sommige groepe tydens hul migrasie dorpe gebou en mielies langs die riviere van die Vlakte verbou. Die bekendste plek is Biesterfeldt, naby Lissabon, Noord-Dakota. Ander groepe het perde aangeskaf en buffeljag aangeneem om die tipiese, nomadiese lewenswyse wat aan studente van Amerikaanse Indiane bekend is, te help uitvind. Gedurende daardie tyd het uiteenlopende Cheyenne-groepe oos van die Black Hills van Suid-Dakota gewoon, en daar het die profeet Sweet Medicine 'n grot in die berg genaamd Nowahwus, bekend onder Engelssprekendes Bear Butte, binnegekom en die vier heilige pyle ontvang wat word steeds deur die stam vereer.

Sweet Medicine het die militêre samelewings georganiseer, onder leiding van oorlogshoofde, wie se pligte was om orde te behou en 'n jaggebied te handhaaf. Sweet Medicine het ook 'n regstelsel ingestel wat bestuur word deur vier-en-veertig senior mans, bekend as vredeshoofde. Die belangrikste is dat Sweet Medicine die dood van een Cheyenne deur 'n ander verbied het, 'n daad wat die reiniging van die heilige pyle tydens 'n spesiale seremonie vereis het. Sweet Medicine het dus die Cheyenne Nation, soewerein en onafhanklik, geskep.

Gedurende die volgende eeu het die Cheyenne 'n jaggebied tussen die vurke van die Platte -rivier in Nebraska, Wyoming en Colorado gestig en 'n alliansie aangegaan met die Arapaho, wat naby die Rocky Mountains gebly het. Alhoewel die Cheyenne en die Arapaho albei klein nasies was, was hulle met 'n saamgestelde militêre mag formidabel, met ongeveer drie duisend mense elk. Hulle het die Kiowa suidwaarts gery en verhoed dat die Shoshone uit die weste die Groot Vlakte binnegaan. Die Cheyenne en Arapaho het die Blackfeet en die Pawnee uit hul jaggebied gehou en die dominante handelaars in gewere, perde en buffelvelle in die sentrale vlaktes geword. Die grootste deel van die Cheyenne -gebied strek van Montana tot Texas en sluit die Oklahoma Panhandle en die gebiede rondom die Cimarron- en Washita -riviere in die weste van Oklahoma in.

Aan die einde van die burgeroorlog in 1865 staar die Cheyenne die gesig by hul mees gedugte vyande, die indringende Amerikaners. Teen daardie tyd het immigranteverkeer die landskap langs die Oregon- en Santa Fe -roetes ontwrig en die Cheyenne in 'n noordelike groep verdeel, bestem vir 'n Montana -reservaat, en die Suidelike Cheyenne, wat saam met hul suidelike Arapaho -bondgenote in Oklahoma beland het. Die tydperk van 1830 tot 1870 word oor die algemeen gekenmerk deur 'n reeks verdrae met die Amerikaanse regering, ondertekend deur oorlogsvoering. Vir die Cheyenne was militêre hoogtepunte hul nederlaag van die Amerikaanse leërmagte naby Fort Kearny in 1866 en op Beecher Island in 1868 en hul oorwinning oor genl George Armstrong Custer se troepe in die Slag van die Klein Groot Hoorn in 1876. Die laagtepunte was hul verliese by Summit Springs, Colorado, in 1869 en tydens die Slag van die Washita in 1868 en die slagting van ongeveer tweehonderd nie -mededingers deur Amerikaanse magte in Sand Creek, Colorado, in 1864.

Na 1869 het Suid -Cheyenne -bands en -gesinne bymekaargekom op hul toegewese bespreking in die Indiese gebied. Fort Reno het die soldate wat hulle bewaak het, gehuisves, en die stad El Reno het grootgeword as 'n dienssentrum vir die reservaat en die fort. By die keuse van grond om 'n reservaat van drie en 'n half miljoen akker uit te maak, het staatsamptenare op administratiewe bevel opgetree en die talle verdrae wat die Cheyenne onderteken het, geïgnoreer.

Aanvanklik het Cheyenne -groepe vergader rondom regeringsfasiliteite in Darlington, naby Fort Reno, en in Cantonment, naby die huidige kanton, waar hulle rantsoene ontvang het. Na 'n skandaal wat die verhuring van grond aan nie-Indiese veehouers betref, is die groepe toegelaat om rondom die reservaat te versprei. Hulle kampterreine het later die plekke geword van dorpe soos Hammon, Clinton, Thomas, Seiling, Longdale, Watonga, Calumet en Kingfisher. Met die hulp van Quaker-sendelinge het die Cheyenne van die boerdery begin floreer totdat die Dawes Act (General Allotment Act) van 1887 vereis het dat hulle drie miljoen hektaar van hul reservaat moes afstaan ​​en hulle op 80 hektaar en 160 hektaar groot lotte moes vestig. Omdat hulle nie op verspreide stukke grond wou woon nie, het baie Cheyenne hul lotte aan nie-Indiërs verhuur en in die landbou of vervaardiging gewerk. Werk is ook toenemend beskikbaar in die stamregering en projekte wat deur die regering geborg word. Sedert die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het baie jong en middeljarige Cheyenne na stede gemigreer om te werk, veral na Oklahoma City, Dallas en Los Angeles.

Vir Cheyenne -mense bly die uitgebreide familie die belangrikste sosiale eenheid, bestaande uit grootouers en hul kinders en kleinkinders, miskien twintig of dertig mense in totaal. Hierdie gesinne woon gereeld in aangrensende huise in die dorpe in die weste van Oklahoma of in 'n groep huise in meer afgeleë landelike gebiede. Familielede sien mekaar gereeld en deel ekonomiese hulpbronne. Op stadsvlak is daar kalebasdans- en veteraangroepe, groepe vir vroue se handwerk, peyote -groepe en Indiese Christelike kerke, wat almal die plaaslike Cheyenne -gemeenskap oor familiegrense verenig. Hierdie groepe ondersteun etes, danse en powwows. Die jaarlikse uitvoering van hul Arrow Renewal en Sun Dance seremonies is 'n bron van trots vir die Suidelike Cheyenne, wat hul voortbestaan ​​en hul hoop vir die toekoms simboliseer. Besoekers woon die seremonies slegs op uitnodiging by. Anders as powwows, is dit nie openbare of kommersiële geleenthede nie.

Die tradisionele wette vir Cheyenne -mense word aangevul deur die mondelinge tradisies van hoofmanne en godsdienstige leiers. Hierdie sentrale liggaam van wetlike gesag is die onderwerp van Die Cheyenne Way, deur Karl Llewellyn en E. Adamson Hoebel. 'N Afsonderlike liggaam van' Indiese wet 'word gebou deur die werking van 'n federale geborgde Indiese hofstelsel, en alhoewel alle Indiërs onderhewig is aan federale wette, is daar 'n paar sensitiwiteits- en geskilareas tussen Cheyenne -mense en staats- en plaaslike owerhede. Lappies van federaal geadministreerde "vertroue grond" oorleef in die reservaat gebied waar die staat, provinsies en stede moontlik nie volledige gesag het nie. Veral ter sprake is die reg van arrestasie, toesig oor kinders en vrae rondom tradisionele godsdienstige gebruike. Al hierdie dinge word steeds onderhandel deur federale, staats-, plaaslike en stamowerhede.

Die Cheyennes en Arapahos deel 'n stamregering, met gelyke verteenwoordiging van vier lede elk in 'n sakekomitee met sy hoofkwartier in Concho, naby El Reno. Die komitee hou toesig oor vier rookwinkels waar belastingverminderde tabakprodukte verkoop word, die Lucky Star Casino by Concho, 'n bingosaal by Watonga, 'n ontspannings kompleks by Cantonment Lake en 'n boerdery en boerdery van drie duisend hektaar groot. Die welsynsprogramme van die federale regering word deur die stamregering gestuur ten bate van kinders, ouderlinge en gestremdes. Die stam administreer ook opvoedingsprojekte, maar daar is nie meer 'n 'Indiese skool' op die bespreking nie. Federale onderrig van die bespreking is beskikbaar vir gekwalifiseerde studente, maar byna alle Cheyenne-kinders woon dieselfde plaaslike skole as nie-Indiërs by. Slegs ongeveer tagtig duisend hektaar van die voormalige reservaat bly in Indiese hande oor. Tienduisend hektaar vertrouegrond word besit deur die stamregering en sewentigduisend hektaar deur individue. Sommige inkomste word verkry uit olie- en gas -tantieme, en huur word verkry uit die verhuring van trustgrond vir weiding.

Daar was 11 507 ingeskrewe Cheyenne-Arapaho-burgers in 2003. Hiervan sou ongeveer agtduisend hulself as Cheyenne beskou. Daar is pogings aangewend om Suid -Cheyenne administratief van Suid -Arapaho te skei, maar met voortgesette ondertrouery word sulke pogings moeiliker. 'N Aktuele kwessie rakende baie Cheyenne en Arapaho is die ontvangs van skadeloosstellings vir die Sand Creek -slagting. Alhoewel die federale regering in 1865 vergoeding beloof het, is daar geen betaling gemaak nie.

Bibliografie

Donald Berthrong, Die Suidelike Cheyennes (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963).

George B. Grinnell, Die Cheyenne -Indiane, 2 vols. (New York: Cooper Square, 1962).

Stanley W. Hoig, Die Sand Creek -slagting (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961).

John H. Moore, Die Cheyenne (Malden, Mass .: Blackwell Publishers, 1996).

John H. Moore, Die Cheyenne -nasie: 'n sosiale en demografiese geskiedenis (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1987).

Geen deel van hierdie webwerf mag as 'n openbare domein beskou word nie.

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Aanhaling

Die volgende (volgens Die Chicago Style of Manual, 17de uitgawe) is die voorkeuraanhaling vir artikels:
John H. Moore, & ldquoCheyenne, Southern, & rdquo Die ensiklopedie van die geskiedenis en kultuur van Oklahoma, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=CH030.

© Oklahoma Historical Society.

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Cheyenne - Geskiedenis

Van Wyoming Tales and Trails

Hierdie bladsy: vroeë indrukke van Cheyenne, 'Bucking the Tiger', McDaniel's Theatre.

Big Horn Basin Black Hills Bone Wars Merke Buffalo Cambria Casper Cattle Drives Eeufees Cheyenne Chugwater Steenkoolkampe Cody Deadwood Stage Douglas Dubois Encampment Evanston Ft. Bridger Ft. Fetterman Ft. Laramie Frontier Days Spookdorpe Gillette G. River FV Hayden Tom Horn Jackson Johnson County War Kemmerer Lander Laramie Lincoln Highway Lusk Meeteetse Medicine Bow N. Platte Valley Overland Stage Pacific Railroad Rawlins Rock Springs Rudefeha Mine Sheepherding Sheridan Sherman Shoshoni Superior Thermopolis USS Wyoming Wheatland Wild Bunch Yellowstone

Tuis INHOUDSOPGAWE Oor hierdie webwerf


Bird's Eye View of Cheyenne, 1870, kyk noordwes. In die verte is Fort D. A. Russell en Camp Carling.

Die groei van Cheyenne as gevolg van die feit dat dit 'n vervoersknooppunt is, word aangedui deur die bostaande tekening te vergelyk met die volgende illustrasies, almal uit ongeveer dieselfde posisie.


'Bird's Eye' aansig van Cheyenne, 1882, noordwes.


'Bird's Eye' aansig van Cheyenne, ongeveer. 1960, kyk noordwes.


Goederetrein, Cheyenne, ongedateer.

Verskeie skrywers het 'n baie verdwaalde siening van Cheyenne in sy vormingsjare uitgespreek. A. N. Ferguson, 'n landmeter van die Union Pacific, beskryf die stad in sy dagboek:

Sondag 26 April 1868-Ons trein het gisteraand twee uur by 'n stasie gestop weens Indiërs. 'N Paar uur na sonsopkoms North Platte gemaak waar ons ontbyt geëet het. Dit is 'n baie warm oggend. Het by Sidney Station geëet. Het omstreeks 18:00 by Cheyenne aangekom. Aandete by Rollins House gehad, waarna ons deur die stad gestap het waar ons vreemde besienswaardighede gesien het. Die hele stad was die toneel van 'n hoë karnaval-dobbel-saloon en ander plekke van 'n immorele karakter in vol musiekbande wat uit die voorkant van verskillende strate vol mans en talle huise verlig was, en onluste en oproer volle en onbeperkte beheer, wat die sabbatsaand 'n hartseer en angswekkende tyd maak in plaas van heilig en vreedsaam te wees. Is vroeg bed toe.

"Mobeetie is beskut deur outlaws, diewe, keelafgee en buffeljagters, met 'n groot persent van die prostitute. Ek dink dit was die moeilikste plek wat ek ooit op die grens gesien het, behalwe Cheyenne, Wyoming."

"Die Cheyenne wat ons gesien het, was beslis nie 'n opwindende plek nie; daar was nie 'n enkele lyk by die deure van die sitkamer nie, en ook nie 'n tweegeveg in die straat nie."

Maar ten minste was daar 'n boom. Twee jaar tevore in 1873 beskryf Isabell L. Bird haar gang deur Cheyenne:

Die omliggende vlaktes was eindeloos en sonder waarde. Die karige grasse is lank gelede deur die hewige somerhitte in songeneesde hooi verander. Daar is geen boom of struik nie, die lug is grys, die aarde dof, die lug waai en winderig, en wolke growwe granietstof vee oor die prairie en versmoor die nedersetting. Cheyenne word beskryf as ''n Godverlate, deur God vergete plek'. Dat dit God vergeet, is op sy gesig geskryf. Dit het sy bestaan ​​te danke aan die spoorweg en het in bevolking afgeneem, maar is 'n opslagplek vir 'n groot hoeveelheid lewensbenodigdhede wat versprei word deur die skaars gevestigde distrikte binne 'n afstand van 300 myl met 'vragmotors', elk getrek deur vier of ses perde of muile, of verdubbel die aantal osse. Soms is meer as 100 waens, met dubbel die aantal spanmanne, tegelyk in Cheyenne. Kort gelede was dit 'n volmaakte pandemonium, hoofsaaklik bewoon deur rowers en desperado's, die skuim van die opkomende beskawing en moorde, messtekery, skietery en vuurwapens was soms bykans uurlikse voorvalle in sy drinkplekke. Maar in die Weste, wanneer dinge die ergste bereik, word 'n skerp en seker middel aangebied. Die setlaars wat die stand van sake ondraaglik vind, organiseer hulself in 'n waaksaamheidskomitee. 'Regter Lynch', met 'n paar voet tou, verskyn op die toneel, die meerderheid kristalliseer rondom die ondersteuners van orde, waarskuwings word aan afsku mense gegee, bloot 'n krap van 'n boom met 'n man wat daaraan hang, met sulke woorde as "Verwyder dit om 06:00, of ----." 'N Aantal van die ergste desperado's word deur 'n nog meer opsommende proses verhoor as 'n kriminele hof,' gespan 'en begrawe. Ek is meegedeel dat 120 ruffians op 'n enkele veertien dae op hierdie manier hier weggedoen is. Cheyenne is nou so veilig soos Hilo, en die interval tussen die mees wanhopige wetteloosheid en die tyd dat die Amerikaanse reg, met sy korrupsie en swakheid, op die toneel verskyn, is 'n vergelykende sekuriteit en goeie orde. Vroomheid is nie die sterkpunt van Cheyenne nie. Die paaie weerklink met gruwelike vloekwoorde, en die onstuimigheid van die salonne en kroegkamers word onderdruk, nie uitgewis nie.

Die winkel aan die regterkant is bestuur deur George E. Thompson, 'n skoenmaker en skoenmaker Thompson het op die hoogtepunt van sy "Hell-on-Wheels" -dae in Cheyenne aangekom.


Binne, billardsaal, Cheyenne, ongedateer. Let op spoeg op die vloer.

Mevrou Bird vervolg in haar beskrywing:

Die bevolking, eens 6,000, is nou ongeveer 4,000. Dit is 'n swak georganiseerde stel raamhuise en kothuise en vullishope, en afval van takbokke en bokke, produseer die vieslikste reuke wat ek al lankal ruik. Sommige van die huise is verblindend wit geverf, ander is ongeverf, daar is nie 'n bos of 'n tuin of 'n groen ding nie, maar dit spring eenvoudig op die grenslose bruin vlaktes uit, aan die uiterste rand waarvan drie tandagtige pieke gesien word. Dit is heeltemal slordig en onornamenteel, wemel van kronkelende karakters en lyk na 'n plek van lae, gemene lewens. Onder die hotelvenster word vragmotors voortdurend afgewissel, maar anderkant die treinspoor is niks anders as die bruin vlaktes met hul eensame besienswaardighede nie-nou 'n eensame ruiter by 'n rondreisende amble, dan 'n groep Indiane in verf en vere, maar beskaafd tot op die punt om vuurwapens te dra, gemonteer op jammer ponies, die saamgeboude squaws wat op die bagasieponies ry, dan 'n rits bees met langhorings, wat 'n paar maande lank uit Texas geëet het, met hul begeleiding van vier of vyf ruiters met 'n sterk aansporing, met hoede, blou kappies en hoë stewels, swaar gewapen met rewolwers en herhalende gewere, en op klein, perderige perde. 'N Solitêre wa met 'n wit kantel, getrek deur agt osse, dra waarskynlik 'n emigrant en sy lot na Colorado. Op een van die somber ruimtes van die nedersetting staan ​​ses wit gekantelde waens, elk met twaalf osse, op pad na 'n verre deel. Alles dui op 'n verder.

Cheyenne het homself as 'n vars en kragtige ervaring van 'n ware grensdorp bewys-strate donker en dui op allerhande kwaai ervarings wat verband hou met die swerm swarige, ruw geklede mans, wat op elke hoek en in elke winkel gevul het, maar nooit aangebied het nie om die besoekers deur woord, daad of kyk te molesteer, hoewel dit klaarblyklik 'rekenskap neem' en opmerkings maak oor hul onbekende voorkoms.

Ons eerste besoek was aan 'n ammunisiewinkel om voorraad te lewer vir 'n pistool wat tydens sy reis aan 'ons' kunstenaar voorgelê is, die eerste pistool wat vandag vir elke jong man is wat die toga virilis vir die Romeinse jeug was. In hierdie onderneming het ons die geleentheid gekry om die uitrusting te ondersoek wat nodig geag word vir 'n besoek aan die Black Hills, in die vorm van vreeslik skerp en dodelike messe, en vuurwapens van elke grootte en variëteit. Die deskundiges van die party besluit dat 'n groter verskeidenheid en meer volledige arsenaal dodelike wapens in hierdie winkel saamgevat is as wat in 'n New York -onderneming gevind kan word.


Cheyenne, 1877, houtsny, Leslie's Illustrated News

Bogenoemde is 'n gedeelte van 'n houtsny wat in 1877 in Leslie's Illustrated News verskyn het. Die balans van die prentjie verskyn op die volgende bladsy. Op die voorgrond is 'n vragwa en daaragter die Cheyenne- en Black Hills Express -verhoog, die beroemde "Deadwood Stage", wat van Cheyenne na Horse Creek, Fort Laramie, Rawhide Buttes, Custer City en verder in Deadwood geloop het.

"Bucking the Tiger" in 'n Cheyenne -dobbel -salon, houtsny, Leslie's Illustrated News, 1877

Die karakters speel lansquenet, soms 'lamskinnet' genoem, 'n variasie van faro. Die borde agter die handelaar lui: 'No Markers Put Up', 'Faro Game Limit $ 12,50' en 'Money for Checks'. Heel bo is die dobbellisensie. Die uitdrukking "Bucking the Tiger" kom van die beelde van tiere wat gereeld op die agterkant van die farokaarte gedruk word. Pogings is aangewend om dobbelary te bekamp. In 1888 het die wetgewer oor die onderwerp gedebatteer. Een wetgewer, Tom Hooper, het aangevoer: "Wys my die man wat nie op een of ander manier sal dobbel nie, en ek sal u 'n onbeskaamde wys."

Hoewel sy na Cheyenne verwys as "peripatetic en Hadean", beskryf mevrou Leslie die kalmerende invloed van kerke op Cheyenne:

Ons het op 21 April 1877 by Cheyenne in die Wyoming -gebied aangekom. Alhoewel Cheyenne sy oorsprong was as 'n spoorweg "Hell on Wheels", het die grootste deel van sy wilde karakter verloor. In 1867 was dit 'n dorpie tente wat geleidelik deur houtstrukture vervang is. Alhoewel daar nog 20 dobbelbanke is, kan die invloed van die vyf kerke gevoel word terwyl al die salonne tussen 10:00 en 14:00 sluit. op Sondae.

[Skrywer se aantekeninge: Dit is moeilik om te bepaal in watter sin mev. Leslie die term "paripatetic" bedoel het. Oorspronklik beteken paripatetic te voet, dit wil sê voetganger. Dit het sedertdien verskeie sekondêre betekenisse gekry, waaronder bewegend, veranderend en Aristotelies uit die praktyk van Aristoteles -onderrig terwyl hy na die Lyceum stap. Mevrou Leslie se aangehaalde materiaal kom uit beide haar artikels wat in haar man se koerant verskyn en haar latere boek, Plesierreis van Gotham na die Golden Gate in 1877.]

Een van die dobbelbanke, James McDaniel se teater en dobbelkamer in Eddystraat (nou Pioneer Ave.), het mev. Leslie sterk beïndruk:

McDaniel het William Francis Hooker, 'n bullwhacker, anders beïndruk. Hy beskryf McDaniel as 'kaalkop en ook glad van stem', * * * rondloop tussen sy gaste met 'n groot boot soos 'n pastoor tussen sy kudde, en jy wonder dat so 'n mooi, goed gesproke man nie op 'n preekstoel is nie in plaas van 'n duik. " Hoer, Die Prairie Schooner, 1918.

Oorkant die straat van McDaniel's was Dyer's Hotel. Daar is berig dat wanneer John Hunton se wa -baas, Nathan Williams, ekstra bulhackers nodig gehad het, hy op die voorstoep van Dyer se "Tin Restaurant" sou sit. Die restaurant was sogenaamd omdat die eetgerei by die eerste oprigting van blik was. Op die voorstoep, soos 'n spinnekop vir 'n vlieg, sou Williams wag totdat cowboys, wat deur McDaniel ontneem is, werk nodig het. As 'n aanmeldingsbonus sou Williams 'n gratis rondjie drankies in Dyer se kroeg aanbied.


Binne McDaniel's Theatre

Daar kan gespekuleer word dat die kwaliteit van die optredes op die verhoog die rede was dat die "gevangenes" van die bokse in 'n geselsie sou beland of om die wyn te drink. Bill Nye het later opgemerk: "Ek het egter by * * * McDaniel's in Cheyenne shows gesien waar die kroeg 'n gram chloroform by elke kaartjie moes voorsien het om die lyding te besweer." Daar word beraam dat McDaniel op die hoogtepunt van die goudstormloop van Deadwood meer as $ 500,00 per dag verdien het. McDaniel het ook 'n teater in Deadwood en later in Leadville geopen. Ongeag of McDaniel goed gepraat het, was hy nie altyd goed ontvang deur sy klante nie. Hy is twee keer ernstig beseer toe kliënte deur hom van die galery af tot op die verdieping onderdeur is. Maar met die besoek van mev Leslie se besoek, het McDaniels 'n model geword van dekor, nie teëgestaan ​​dat John Irwin die volgende jaar gearresteer is omdat hy sy rewolwer in die teater afgelaai het.

Pamflet vir McDaniels Museum, 1869

Toe McDaniel die eerste keer in 1868 begin, het hulle kliënte gelok deur hulle te laat kyk na skouspelagtige stereografieë. John Kelly wat in die strooibiljet verskyn, was 'n Ierse violis wat die eerste keer bekendheid verwerf het in die dobbelhuise van die mynkampe in Idaho. Die aard van die oorspronklike optrede van Kelly en die salonne waarin hy opgetree het, is later beskryf deur die voormalige goewerneur van Idaho, W.M. McConnell. Kelly benodig:

Die installering van 'n swaaiende verhoog, of platform, geswaai deur ysterstawe van die boonste balke, 'n paar meter bo die koppe van diegene wat op die hoofverdieping daaronder kan staan. Hierdie platform is bereik deur 'n beweegbare leer, wat, nadat hy opgestyg het, buite die bereik van die persone getrek het. Die voorwerp was tweeledig: Eerstens, toe hy op sy arie kom, is hy verwyder van die gevaar van paniek wat byna nagtelik gebeur het as gevolg van die sportiewe instinkte van 'n besoeker, wat te vry van die regulasievest gedrink het -pocket whisky, of as gevolg van werklike of denkbeeldige groente, het hy die loodpille van 'n Colt's -marine -rewolwer versprei, nie net in die anatomie van die oortreder nie, maar net so gereeld as gevolg van die ernstige, indien nie noodlottige, besering van 'n onopvallende omstander. * * * * Sy tweede doel was om bo die vlieg van vuurpyle te wees en sodoende sy viool, wat 'n waardevolle een was, te bewaar van die kans om deur verdwaalde koeëls geperforeer te word.

* * * *

Hy was 'n groothartige seun van die Emerald Isle, en hoewel onwillekeurige omstandighede hom tot die grootste aantrekkingskrag van 'n ongeregtigheidskolk gemaak het, was hy die liefste om die tere akkoorde te speel wat die herinneringe aan ander dae wakker gemaak het en 'n paar hoorders na hul eensame kajuite in die sluier beter manne vir die uur wat hulle onder die betowering van die musikant vasgekeer het, selfs in die vreeslike toevlugsoord McConnell, Vroeë geskiedenis van Idaho, bl. 139-140.

Meester Willie was Kelly se aanneemseun, 'n volbloed Shoshone. In 1863 val 'n groep mynwerkers onder Jeff Standifer weerwraak op vir aanvalle op mynkampe deur Piute -Indiane, op 'n groep Shoshone wat die hele band doodmaak, behalwe een vrou en twee seuns. Daar is gevind dat die jongste van die twee seuns van sy dooie ma probeer verpleeg het. Die seuntjie is aangeneem deur Kelly wat die seuntjie eers opgelei het as 'n kontorsspeler en later in Ierse jigs en om viool te speel. Willie word uiteindelik die gelyke van sy aanneemvader. Ten tyde van die strooibiljet sou meester Willie ongeveer ses jaar oud gewees het. Die New York Tribune, 24 Maart 1870, met aanhaling Die St. Joseph Herald meester Willie beskryf dat hy "al die danse van die moderne 'minstreel', insluitend 'Shoo Fly' en die 'Big Sun Flower', kan uitvoer" John Kelly en meester Willie verskyn twee keer in McDaniel's Museum in Maart 1869 vir twee dae en later in November 1869 vir twee dae vir die Groot Heropening.

Die twee verskyn later in Australië, Engeland en Ierland. Ongeveer 1881, toe Willie 18 was, verskyn die twee in Ierland. Daar ontwikkel Willie 'n "kongestiewe koue rillings" en sterf hy.

Later het 'n vestiging van McDaniels 'n Brusselse orrel van veertig perdekrag wat sou ontplof Luister na die spotvoël. McDaniel het later 'n dieretuin en die 'wêreldbekende Circassian girl' bygevoeg.

Die redakteur van die Ster opgemerk:

Maar alle goeie dinge kom tot 'n einde. Uiteindelik het die bedrywighede van McDaniel beland en het hy arm geword en in 'n park in El Paso gesterf. Sy doodsberig uit 1902 van die draaddienste was kort:

[Skrywer se aantekeninge: Clara Morris was 'n bekende aktrise uit die jare 1860 en 1870 wat saam met onder andere John Wilkes Booth op die verhoog verskyn het. Die Frohman -broers, Charles, Daniel en Gustave was teaterprodusente wat 'n stelsel van padvertonings georganiseer het en later rolprentvervaardigers geword het.]

Die vermoë van plekke soos McDaniel's om cowboys van hul geld te onthef, was legendaries. Een cowboy, Bill Walker, wat op 'n stadium vir die Erie Cattle Company in Arizona gery het en later 'n vragskip uit Casper was, onthou 'n voorval in Cheyenne. Hy het opgemerk dat destyds

'Cheyenne het toe net een regte straat gehad, ongeveer drie blokke lank, maar dit was beslis 'n wonderlike straat van sy grootte. cowboys het ooit gekyk. Daardie burg het ook baie dames, salonne en pokerjointjies, en hulle het almal vet geword en voorspoedig geword sodra ons klomp die stad bereik het. "

Maar die voorval was nie die enigste keer dat die burgers op 'n hoofweg met sulke aktiwiteite getrakteer is nie. In 1873 is 16th Street deur sommige cowboys gebruik as die plek vir 'n bronco -busting. Die redakteur van die Daaglikse leier betreur die aktiwiteit omdat dit wreed was vir die diere.


Kultuur en leefstyl

Beroep

Hierdie inheemse Amerikaanse stam het as boere geleef en gewasse soos muurbal, boontjies en mielies verbou en ook voor die migrasie erdewerk gemaak. Hulle gebruik ook honde-slee en vlotte as vervoermiddel, wat woon in wigwams wat gemaak is uit berk- en vuil- of grondhutte. Nadat hulle egter perde van die Spaanse aangeskaf het, het hulle opgehou boer en buffeljagters geword, wat dikwels velle in ruil vir tabak, vis of vrugte verhandel het. Deur 'n nomadiese bestaan ​​aan te pas, het hulle natuurlik tipies gekies om te vestig, aangesien dit maklik gebou of gebreek kan word.

Vandag word tipies net vir die plesier ingedien en die meeste woon in moderne huise.

Cheyenne Indians Warriors

Geslagsrolle

Die Cheyenne versprei werk volgens ouderdom en geslag. Jong en ou mans moes dus vir perde sorg, terwyl die middeljariges klopjagte uitgevoer het, buffels gejag het en vir die gesin gesorg het. Die verantwoordelikheid om die stam te beskerm en die eer om die opperhoof te word, is ook slegs aan mans toegeken.

Te midde van vroue is die plig om teepees te dra en te herbou, asook om kos bymekaar te maak en te berei, deur die jonger en middeljarige vroue, terwyl bejaarde vroue oor die algemeen die jongste lede van die dorp gelei het.

Beide geslagte het deelgeneem aan storievertel, jag en musiek.

Klere en bykomstighede

Die Cheyenne -klere het verskeie veranderings ondergaan. Die mans het aanvanklik broekdoeke, leer leggings en moccasins gedra, maar het oorgegaan na vlakteoorloghemde wat gereeld deur die ander Indiërs in die streek gedra word. Net so is die lang, veer hooftooisels wat die Cheyenne -Indiese leiers aangetrek het, vervang deur die lang oorlogsbekke van die Plains Indiane. Die klere van vroue bestaan ​​uit lang rokke van bokvelle en stewels met 'n hoë rand. Hul juweliersware bestaan ​​uit ingewikkelde halssnoere en armbande. Heelwat later is Europese kostuums soos laprokke en baadjies aangeneem, en dit is versier met stekelvarkies en fyn kralewerk.

Deesdae dra die meeste Cheyenne -Indiane moderne klere soos jeans, met tradisionele rokke soms of tydens 'n seremonie.

Cheyenne Indians kledingprente

Cheyenne Indiane klere

Voedselgewoontes

Voor die aanskaffing van perde, toe hulle boere was, het hul dieet bestaan ​​uit buffel- of hertvleis, mielies, muurbal en boontjies. Nadat hulle die boerdery verlaat het, het hulle velle met ander stamme verruil om vis, mielies, tabak en vrugte te kry. Om die tekort aan voedsel in die harde wintermaande te oorkom, het hulle katoen, hennep en ander medisinale plante met ander stamme verruil in ruil vir voedsel.

Huwelik en gesinsstruktuur

Die Cheyenne -stam het 'n uitgebreide gesin wat bestaan ​​uit ouers, kinders en grootouers, wat almal naby mekaar gebly het en ekonomiese hulpbronne gedeel het.

Die meeste stamhuwelike was monogaam, en 'n jong Cheyenne het normaalweg ingestem om eers te trou nadat hy homself bewys het deur perde aan te skaf of 'n gerekende posisie in oorlog te verkry. Gevolglik het hofmakery dikwels jare lank voortgeduur.

Gereedskap en wapens

Kragtige gereedskap en arms soos hoes en pyle gemaak van beendere, oorlogsklubs, spiese en skuilings, is deur die Cheyenne -krygers in diens geneem.

Kunswerke

Die Cheyenne -manne het fyn houtpype, boë en pyle gekerf. Ander kuns- en kunsvlytwerke behels borduurwerk, pottebakkery en kralewerk. Trouens, tradisionele ambagsmanne beoefen nog steeds kralewerk. Dit is interessant om daarop te let dat die vlag van die Noord -Cheyenne die Indiese glyf van die "oggendster" dra, 'n simbool wat deur die inboorlinge al eeue lank in die kuns gebruik word.


Dog Warriors kan by die huis geweldige krag uitoefen

Dog Warriors het soms tuis as wetstoepassers gewerk en hierdie pligte met ander krygsgenootskappe afgehandel. Mense wat optree, kan gevolge ondervind van watter groep ook al wat die orde handhaaf. Om hulle 'polisie' te noem, is nie die kern van hul rol in die daaglikse Cheyenne-lewe nie. In Dog Soldiers, Bear Men, and Buffalo Women, Thomas E. Mails dives deeper into the subject. Dog Soldiers and other warrior groups certainly preserved order during daily life and in the midst of moving camp, which could be a complex and chaotic operation.

Dog Soldiers, along with other members of military societies, also managed tribal hunts and sacred ceremonies. With large groups of people in one place, some of whom traveled from distant settlements or other tribes, many understood the need for a recognizable force of law and order.

Dog Soldiers were also called upon to mete out punishment for a variety of crimes. And what if you committed some misdeed and were caught by the Dog Warriors? First, there was a good chance that your disciplining was going to be very public. Not only was it humiliating, but shaming a miscreant in the middle of camp served to reinforce a community's structure. If you break the rules, not only will the Dog Soldiers maybe whip you and cut up your tent, but they'll do it in front of your gossipy neighbor and that cute person you were trying to impress.


Tribal History

Tsistsistas, is the Cheyenne word meaning “Human Beings” or “The People.” The Cheyenne are descended from an ancient, Algonquian-language speaking tribe referred to as Chaa. They were also historically referred to as the Marsh People of the Great Lakes region, as they lived along the head of the Mississippi River in the central part of what is now Minnesota.

The Cheyenne were initially sedentary people – farming and raising crops of their main food sources, such as corn, beans, and squash – before later becoming hunters and gatherers. In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition encountered the Cheyenne living on the upper Missouri River.

The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes became allies and formed into one Nation. Around the 1830s the Cheyenne were trapping beaver and buffalo and tanning the hides for trading purposes. Economic trade with the French, Europeans, and others began along the Arkansas River in what is now southeastern Colorado, near and at Bent’s Old Fort.

Hinono’ei, Arapaho History

Hinono’ei, the Arapaho people, lived in the Great Lakes region along the Mississippi River. Around 1680, they began to migrate out of the Great Lakes area after being forcibly moved or pushed out of their established territory by the whites and traditional enemy tribes. Their adaptation to newer lands on the vast Great Plains and their will to survive and advance their people included making weapons such as the bow and arrow and the spear. As the horse and the buffalo flourished, the Arapahos became self-sustaining in their new territory.

Around 1796, while living and hunting buffalo on the Central Great Plains, the Arapaho people migrated to camps along the Cheyenne River near the Black Hills in what is now South Dakota. It is said that this is the area where the Cheyenne became allies with the Arapaho and, in the early 1800s, they began to camp, hunt, and live together. By 1885, the Arapahos began hunting, along with their pony herd of 4,000 along Wolf Creek in what is now northwestern Oklahoma.


Learn More About The Cheyennes

Chyenne Indian Tribe An overview of the Cheyenne people, their language and history.

Cheyannes Language Resources Cheyanne language samples, articles, and indexed links.

Cheyannes Culture and History Directory Related links about the Cheyannes past and present.

Cheyenne Words Cheyenne Indian vocabulary lists.

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Cheyenne: History

Topics include Dining Scene, United States: For Foreign Visitors & more!

There is little historical information on Cheyenne prior to the 19th century. The Plains Indians were the dominant civilization in the area before settlers claimed Cheyenne. The Plains Indians include the Arapahoe, Lakota, Sioux, Blackfeet, and Cheyenne. They are nomadic tribes, some of which used to be fierce warriors. The Plains Indians annually congregate in South Dakota for their sacred Sun Dance.

The European-American history begins in 1867. In 1867, several gangs of men moved west to work for the Pacific Railroad. By 1869, residents began to crowd the area. Over 4,000 people migrated to Cheyenne, three months following the construction of the first track. This summoning of residents gave Cheyenne the reputation as the "Magic City, Queen of the Plains." Railroad executive, Grenville Dodge, later called the city "Cheyenne" after the Plains subculture.

This vast urban growth attracted a variety of infamous characters to Cheyenne. They were wild Westerners, burlesque dancers, gamblers, thieves, entrepreneurs, and displaced cowboys. As a city defined by the railroad, its expansion quickly diffused Cheyenne of its wild tendencies. With direct access to the East coast via railroad, Cheyenne residents were afforded the textiles and supplies of much larger cities. In 1880, wealthy men and socialites from American and European universities further cultivated Cheyenne.

The "Cheyenne" Club was a group of residents that wintered in Europe and spent their summers in Cheyenne. Cheyenne Club members spared no expenses in the construction of their clubhouse. They had many amenities from a lounge to a billiards room. At this time, Cheyenne transformed into one of the most prosperous cities in the United States. In 1914, the Cheyenne city government officially organized under the aegis of the state of Wyoming. Cheyenne is currently the capital of Wyoming. It is the site of the F.E. Warren Air Force base.

The Cheyenne Club. Postmarked 1909 and sent from Bern Bishop to Arnaldo Ghisla in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The Cheyenne Club, constructed in 1880, was located at the northwest corner of 17th Street and present day Warren Avenue. John Coble was asked to give up his membership in the Cheyenne Club after shooting holes in a picture.. he shot the sheep in the painting.

Postmarked 1907. The Library was torn down in 1966

Cheyenne’s venture into public utility began with the Brush Arc Lamp and its battery current, hanging over 16th Street (now Lincolnway) in this postcard.


Cheyenne - History

In 1825, the tribe split into the Northern and Southern Cheyenne, with the Northern Cheyenne migrating into eastern Wyoming. For decades, the Northern Cheyenne warred against the U.S. Army, fighting in fierce battles in present-day Wyoming and Montana. Hundreds were killed by soldiers in what came to be known as the Sand Creek massacre. In 1876, the Northern Cheyenne joined forces with other tribes in the Battle of the Little Big Horn, helping to defeat U.S. forces led by General George Custer. More battles followed.

The Northern Cheyenne faced further difficulty when forced to relocate onto reservation lands in the south. There was little food and illness was rampant, and when a band of the Northern Cheyenne attempted to move back to northern climes, they were captured and taken to Nebraska where they were confined without food and denied heat despite the freezing temperatures. Those who attempted to escape were captured or killed.


Cheyenne - History

Cheyenne, the county seat of Roger Mills County, is located at the junction of U.S. Highway 283 and State Highway 47. Situated in the former Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation, the area was opened to non-Indian settlers with the land opening on April 19, 1892. Named for the Cheyenne tribe, the townsite was surveyed and designated by a federal judge as the county seat of F County (became Roger Mills County in 1907). The town sprang up overnight, with three city blocks of businesses housed in tents, shacks, and dugouts. Within the first year Cheyenne took on the appearance of a permanent town, with a school, a bank, newspaper, saloon, hotel, courthouse, post office, and various stores. Located on the south side of the Washita River, the community is approximately one mile east of the site at which Lt. Col. George Custer's Seventh Cavalry attacked the camp of Peace Chief Black Kettle at dawn on November 27, 1868.

At 1907 statehood Cheyenne's population stood at 288, and it rose to 468 in 1910. The town was incorporated on January 4, 1909. Circa 1912 the townspeople raised the money and provided the labor to build a short line between Cheyenne and Strong City, the terminus of the Clinton and Oklahoma Western Railway. On February 14, 1914, the first train left Cheyenne. Principal outbound shipments were livestock, cotton, broomcorn, grain, and hay. The community grew and population numbers climbed to 826 in 1930, 1,070 in 1940, and 1,133 in 1950.

Cheyenne became a trade center for most of Roger Mills County and the Texas counties bordering on the west. The population briefly surged from 892 in 1970 to 1,207 in 1980 but dwindled to 948 in 1990 and to 778 at the turn of the twenty-first century. It grew to 801 in 2010. Cheyenne's economy and the surrounding area have remained strong due to the vigorous ranching and farming industries, to tourism, and to the production of fossil fuels. During the 1970s Cheyenne and the surrounding area began to reap the benefits of natural gas production in one of the nation's largest-volume gas fields. The mid-1980s saw a temporary decline in production, but resurgence began at the turn of the twenty-first century and continued to boost western Oklahoma's economy.

Tourism has become a significant part of the economy, due in part to the Washita Battlefield historic site, designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965 and listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NR 66000633) in 1966, and to the beauty of the natural environment in the more than thirty thousand acres of public lands comprising the Black Kettle National Grassland. That area is open to hiking, wildlife viewing, hunting, and fishing. Local land- owners supplement their incomes by providing lodging at hunting camps, guiding hunting parties, and offering other services to sports enthusiasts who visit the area seasonally to avail themselves of the extensive Rio Grande turkey, bobwhite quail, dove, and deer populations. Recognizing this source of economic benefit, Cheyenne, in cooperation with the county commission, encourages and assists the development of amenities that supplement tourism and capitalizes on local cultural heritage events and attractions.

Cheyenne's arts community is represented by several galleries located in town and in the surrounding area. In the City Park pioneer history is displayed in a collection of small museums, including a one-room schoolhouse, a small chapel, a military veterans' memorial exhibit, a wax figure exhibit, and a variety of historical exhibits showcasing colorful and historic local personalities and locally produced arts and crafts. Cheyenne is also renowned for its Old Settlers Reunion, held every five years to celebrate the 1892 land opening. At the turn of the twenty-first century the public school system, the Minnie R. Slief Memorial Library, the Cheyenne Star newspaper, and the Mignon Laird Municipal Airport continued to serve the community.

Bibliografie

"Cheyenne," Vertical File, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City.

Profiles of America, Vol. 2 (2d ed. Millerton, N.Y.: Grey House Publishing, 2003).

Roger Mills Minute: A History of Roger Mills County (Cheyenne, Okla.: Security State Bank, 1992).

Geen deel van hierdie webwerf mag as 'n openbare domein beskou word nie.

Kopiereg op alle artikels en ander inhoud in die aanlyn- en gedrukte weergawes van Die ensiklopedie van die geskiedenis van Oklahoma word gehou deur die Oklahoma Historical Society (OHS). Dit bevat individuele artikels (outeursreg op OHS volgens outeuropdrag) en korporatief (as 'n volledige werk), insluitend webontwerp, grafika, soekfunksies en lys-/blaai -metodes. Kopiereg op al hierdie materiaal word beskerm onder die Amerikaanse en internasionale wetgewing.

Gebruikers stem in om nie hierdie materiaal af te laai, te kopieer, aan te pas, te verkoop, te verhuur, te huur, te herdruk of andersins te versprei nie, of om na hierdie materiaal op 'n ander webwerf te skakel, sonder toestemming van die Oklahoma Historical Society. Individuele gebruikers moet vasstel of hul gebruik van die materiaal onder die Amerikaanse outeursregwetgewing se "quotair gebruik" -riglyne val en nie inbreuk maak op die eiendomsreg van die Oklahoma Historical Society as die wettige kopiereghouer van Die ensiklopedie van die geskiedenis van Oklahoma en gedeeltelik of geheel.

Fotokrediete: Alle foto's word in die gepubliseerde en aanlyn weergawes van Die ensiklopedie van die geskiedenis en kultuur van Oklahoma is die eiendom van die Oklahoma Historical Society (tensy anders vermeld).

Aanhaling

Die volgende (volgens Die Chicago Style of Manual, 17de uitgawe) is die voorkeuraanhaling vir artikels:
Dorothy Alexander, &ldquoCheyenne,&rdquo Die ensiklopedie van die geskiedenis en kultuur van Oklahoma, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=CH027.

© Oklahoma Historical Society.


Cheyenne - History

After seven seasons, Cheyenne put up the saddle after saving a studio, a network, and forever changing American entertainment. Under the auspices of William T. Orr and creator/developer Roy Huggins, Cheyenne established the one-hour continuing drama as a pop-culture staple, eventually emerging as the dominant narrative force in American fiction. Helped in no small part by the charms of its star, the Big Man himself, Clint Walker, and the show’s blend of high adventure, drama and romance – all of which may be found in high abundance in this complete 13-Episode Collection. From shotgun marriages to abominable mountain-monsters. From range wars to the state senate. From amnesiac gunslingers to blind saloon singers, Cheyenne Bodie faces them all as he delivers his two-gun mix of justice and mercy across the plains. Long may he ride!

Title Screen

Cheyenne is an American western television series of 108 black-and-white episodes broadcast on ABC from 1955 to 1963. The show was the first hour-long western, and in fact the first hour-long dramatic series of any kind, with continuing characters, to last more than one season. It was also the first series to be made by a major Hollywood film studio which did not derive from its established film properties, and the first of a long chain of Warner Brothers original series produced by William T. Orr.

Series History

L. Q. Jones (Smitty) and Clint Walker (Cheyenne)

The series began as a part of Warner Brothers Presents, a program that alternated three different series in rotation. In its first year, Cheyenne traded broadcast weeks with Casablanca and Kings Row. Thereafter, Cheyenne was overhauled by new producer Roy Huggins and left the umbrella of WBP. The show starred Clint Walker, a native of Illinois, as Cheyenne Bodie, a physically large cowboy with a gentle spirit in search of frontier justice who wanders the American West. The first episode, about robbers pretending to be Good Samaritans, is titled “Mountain Fortress” and features James Garner (who had briefly been considered for the role of Cheyenne) as a guest star, but with higher billing given to Ann Robinson as Garner’s intended bride. The episode reveals that Bodie’s parents were massacred by Cheyenne Indians, who then reared him. In the series the character Bodie maintains a positive and understanding attitude toward the Native Americans despite the slaughter of his parents.

Cheyenne ran from 1955 to 1963, except for a hiatus when Walker went on strike for better terms (1958–1959) among other demands, the actor wanted increased residuals, a reduction of the 50-percent cut of personal appearance payments that had to be turned over to Warner Brothers, and a release from the restriction of recording music only for the company’s own label. The interim saw the introduction of a virtual Bodie-clone called Bronco Layne, played by Ty Hardin, born in New York City but reared in Texas. Hardin was featured as the quasi main character during Bodie’s absence. When Warners renegotiated Walker’s contract and the actor returned to the show in 1959, Bronco was spun off as a show in its own right and became independently successful.

For most of their runs, Cheyenne, Bronco, and Sugarfoot, starring Will Hutchins, alternated in the same time slot. Cheyenne was the senior partner of the three. Only a snippet of the Bronco theme song was heard in the opening credits, as a kind of aural footnote to that of Cheyenne. Occasionally Cheyenne, Bronco, and Sugarfoot appeared together in the same episode of each other’s series. In the 1961 Cheyenne episode “Duel at Judas Basin,” Walker, Hardin, and Hutchins join forces to stop a trapper (Jacques Aubuchon) from selling guns to the Sioux Indians. The trapper has also framed Tom “Sugarfoot” Brewster of murder.

Clint Walker as Cheyenne Bodie

Even after returning to the program — having been prohibited from seeking other work during the long contract negotiation — Walker was unhappy to continue to play a role which he felt he had already exhausted. He told reporters that he felt like “a caged animal.”Though Cheyenne aired for seven years, the series made only 108 episodes because it was in repeated alternation with other programs and was out of production during Clint Walker’s contract dispute.

At the conclusion of the sixth season, a special episode was aired, “A Man Named Ragan,” the pilot for a program called The Dakotas, starring Larry Ward, Chad Everett, Jack Elam, and Michael Greene, that was to have replaced Cheyenne in the middle of the next season. However, because Cheyenne Bodie never appeared in “Ragan”, the two programs are only tenuously linked.

Walker reprised the Cheyenne Bodie character in 1991 for the TV-movie The Gambler Returns: The Luck of the Draw and also played Cheyenne in an episode of Kung Fu: The Legend Continues in 1995.

Episodes – List of Cheyenne Episodes

Guest Stars

Claude Akins was cast as tough-minded Sheriff Bob Walters, with Gail Kobe as Della Carver, a crestfallen mother whose son has disappeared, in the episode “The Long Search” (1958).
Chris Alcaide appeared as Deputy Hack in “Star in the Dust” (1956) and as Harry Thomas in “The Quick and the Deadly” (1962).
Evelyn Ankers appeared as saloon owner Robbie James, who tries to keep her daughter from learning about her occupation, in the episode “Gambler” (1958).
R. G. Armstrong was cast as Nathanael Grimm in “The Return of Mr. Grimm” (February 13, 1961). In the story line, the wealthy Grimm seeks the hanging of Sheriff Cheyenne Bodie for the justifiable homicide of Grimm’s wayward son, who was fleeing from a posse. Grimm closes the businesses he controls in town, and the threatened townsmen demand that Bodie stand trial though no crime has been committed. Anita Sands appears as Grimm’s secret daughter-in-law, Grace Evans, who unknown to him is carrying his grandson.
Barry Atwater played George A. Custer, with Liam Sullivan as Marcus Reno, in the two-part episode, “Gold, Glory, and Custer – Prelude” and “Gold, Glory, and Custer – Requiem” (1960). In the story line, Cheyenne Bodie guides a party led by Custer into the Black Hills, an area protected by a treaty with the Sioux, in apparent search of gold.
Trevor Bardette was cast in six episodes, beginning with the role of Amarillo Ames in “Lone Gun” (1956).
Dan Barton played Jim Ellis, a schoolmaster with a questionable past who claims to have killed a bank robber, in the 1957 season premiere episode, “Incident at Indian Springs”.
Whitney Blake, prior to Hazel, was cast as Beth Tobin in “Riot at Arroyo Seco” (1960), an episode which focuses on how a water shortage threatens to destroy a town.
Dan Blocker, prior to Bonanza, appeared as Pete in “Land Beyond the Law” (1957) and as Deputy Sam in “Noose at Noon” (1958).
Peter Breck, who played Nick Barkley on The Big Valley, appeared in three different roles, as James Abbot in “Legacy of the Lost” (1962), Sheriff Matt Kilgore in “Indian Gold (1962), and Tony Chance in “Dark Decision” (1962).
Peter Brown, prior to Lawman, appeared as Jed Wayne in “Renegades” (1958). In the story line, Wayne enlists in the United States Army after his father is killed in an attack by Comanche renegades. Olive Sturgess guest stars as Kathy Donovan, who takes an interest in young Wayne and is the daughter of the fort commander, Colonel Ralph Donovan (Bartlett Robinson), who distrusts the Indians. This episode also focuses on the spirit and endurance of Wayne’s mortally lame horse and the wisdom of the Comanche chief Little Elk (Steve Darrell).
Ellen Burstyn (billed as Ellen McCrae) appeared as Emmy Mae in “Day’s Pay” (1961).
Edd Byrnes appeared as Clay Rafferty in “The Brand” (1957).
Jean Byron was cast as newspaperwoman Fay Kirby, with Frank DeKova as Chief Sitting Bull in “The Broken Pledge”, a story of betrayal of the Sioux. Also cast are Whit Bissell as George Armstrong Custer, William Fawcett, Gary Vinson, and John Dehner (1957).
Ahna Capri as Mary Randall in “Trouble Street” (1961).
Philip Carey as Cole Younger in “One Way Ticket” (1962).
John Carradine as Delos Gerrard in “Decision at Gunsight” (1957).
Mary Castle as Alice Wilson in “Test of Courage” (1957).
Peggie Castle appeared as the devious southern belle Mary “Mississippi” Brown in the episode “Fury at Rio Hondo”, set in Mexico (April 17, 1956), and as Amy Gordon in “The Spanish Grant” (1957).
Joan Caulfield appeared as Darcy Clay, the owner of a herd of sheep, who clashes with cattlement in the series finale, “Showdown at Oxbend” (December 17, 1962).
Billy Chapin, former child actor, appeared in the second episode of the series, “Julesburg” (October 11, 1955) as Tommy Scott, whose older brother is crushed to death in a stampede as he tries to save Tommy.
Robert Colbert in “Two Trails to Santa Fe” (October 28, 1960) plays Army Corporal Howie Burch, who tries to steal gold from miners working a claim near the fort where he is stationed. Burch is also trying to win back the affection of his former wife (Randy Stuart), whose husband (Richard Webb), is one of the miners. Then the Army decides to abandon the fort, an action which places the miners in jeopardy from Indian attacks.
Tim Considine was cast as Billy McQueen, with Connie Stevens as Clovis in “Reprieve” (1959).
Russ Conway appeared as Marshal Stort in the 1958 episode “Ghost of Cimarron”.
Richard Crenna appeared as Curley Galway in “Hard Bargain” (1957).
Walter Coy appeared in various roles in four different Cheyenne episodes, “The Bounty Killers,” as Sheriff Sam Townley in “Town of Fear”, “Apache Blood”, and “Savage Breed” between 1956 and 1960.
Ronnie Dapo, a child actor, appeared as ten-year-old Roy Barrington in the 1962 episode “One Way Ticket”.
Francis De Sales guest starred twice in 1957, as Lieutenant Quentin in “Land Beyond the Law” and as a sheriff in “The Brand”.
Angie Dickinson appeared as Jeannie Trude in “War Party” (1957).
James Drury was cast as Bill Magruder in “The Imposter” (1959).
Andrew Duggan plays the outlaw Black Jack in “The Angry Sky” (1958) and the stern cattleman Ed Foster in the series finale, “Showdown at Oxbend”.
Dean Fredericks appeared three times, including as Yellow Knife in the episode “Quicksand” (1956) and as Little Chief in “The Broken Pledge” (1957).
James Garner, later to play Bret Maverick on “Maverick” and Jim Rockford on “The Rockford Files,” appeared as Lt. Forsythe in “Mountain Fortress” (1955), the first episode of the series as Lt. Rogers in “Decision” (1956), episode eight and also as Rev. Bret Mailer in “The Last Train West” (1956), which was episode fifteen of season one.He also appeared as Peake in “War Party” (1957) in the second season.
Jock Gaynor (later of NBC’s Outlaws) as Johnny McIntire, with Joan O’Brien as his intended, Selma Dawson, in “Incident at Dawson Flats” (1961)
Lorne Greene as Colonel Bell in “Gold” and “Glory” (1960)
Tod Griffin as Sheriff Frank Day in “The Empty Gun” (1958) and as Rafe Donovan in “The Greater Glory” (1961)
Alan Hale, Jr. as folksy rancher Les Bridgeman in “Hired Gun” (1957). In the story line, Bridgeman hires Cheyenne Bodie, who has gone undercover for the local sheriff, to work on the Bridgeman Ranch, unknowing that Bridgeman’s wife Lilli (Whitney Blake) has hired a professional assassin to kill her husband so that she can instead marry a competing rancher, Kiley Rand (Don Megowan)
Ron Hayes (later of The Everglades) as the Durango Kid in “Town of Fear” (1957)
Kelo Henderson made his screen debut as Doc Pardes in “The Brand” (1957).
Dennis Hopper appeared as an arrogant young gunfighter, the Utah Kid, in the episode “Quicksand” in the story line, he gave Cheyenne Bodie no choice but to kill him in a gunfight. He also appeared in an episode called “The Iron Trail” in season two (1957) as Abe Larson, the leader of a gang of youths planning to kidnap the President of the United States.
Ron Howard played “Timmy” (uncredited) in “Counterfeit Gun”, Season 5, Episode 2 (1960).
Brad Johnson appeared as Sheriff Dan Blaisdell in the 1960 episode “Home Is the Brave”.
I. Stanford Jolley appeared seven times, the last having been as Ezra in “The Quick and the Deadly” (1962).
Sally Kellerman played the marriage-minded Lottie Durango in “The Durango Brothers,” the seventh (and final) season opener in 1962.
Douglas Kennedy portrayed Blake Holloway in “The Spanish Grant” (1957).
George Kennedy portrayed Lee Nelson with Madlyn Rhue as Ellen Lassiter in “Prisoner of Moon Mesa” (1959).
Robert Knapp appeared as Frank Thorne in “Massacre at Gunsight Pass” (May 1, 1961) and as Deputy Rankin in “Wanted for the Murder of Cheyenne Bodie” (December 10, 1962).
Harry Lauter appeared three times, the last having been as Walt Taylor in “The Vanishing Breed” (1962).
Robert Karnes (a regular on NBC’s crime drama The Lawless Years) as Matt Walsh in “Man Alone” (1962)
Wright King appeared in three episodes from 1956 to 1958 and once each on the Cheyenne spin-pff series, Sugarfoot and Bronco.
Michael Landon in the episode “The White Warrior” (1958) appeared as White Hawk or Alan Horn, a young white man who like Cheyenne Bodie was raised by Indians after the massacre of his parents. White Hawk rises to the occasion to help Cheyenne as he heads a wagon train to California amid the threat of the Apaches. Randy Stuart appeared in this episode as Clara Bolton, a single woman on the wagon train who takes a liking to White Hawk. Peter Whitney played the brutal Eli Henderson, who tries to remove Cheyenne as the wagon master. Earlier, Landon played a trooper in “Decision” (1956).
Ruta Lee, as Lenore Walton Hanford in “Wanted for the Murder of Cheyenne Bodie” (1962), the penultimate episode of the series. Bodie is mistaken for a notorious gunfighter and framed for his “own” murder. The episode also stars Dick Foran, Richard Webb, and Gregg Palmer.
Dayton Lummis portrayed as Frank Collins in “The Young Fugitives” (1961). Richard Evans played his son, Gilby Collins, a burgeoning outlaw. Anne Whitfield portrayed Nita, Gilby’s new-found girlfriend, who convinces him to turn himself in to authorities.
Scott Marlowe played Mickey Free in “Apache Blood” (1960), the story of a young white man captured by Indians who tries to return to his own people.
Donald May and Merry Anders appeared in dual roles in “The Long Rope” May as Fred Baker/Randy Pierce, and Anders as Ruth Graham/Fay Pierce (1960).
Ann McCrea was cast as Faith Swain, whose herd Cheyenne is driving to market under the alias Ace Black, in the 1958 episode “Wagon-Tongue North”. Unknown to Faith, Cheyenne had earlier killed her husband in self-defense.
Frank McGrath, cast a year later on Wagon Train, made a brief appearance in the same episode as a ranch foreman, John Pike, who is killed by the Comanches. (1956)
Patrick McVey appeared three times as law enforcement officers between 1957 and 1961.
Tyler McVey appeared as Henry Toland in the 1960 episode “Gold, Glory, and Custer”.
Joyce Meadows as Madaline De Vier in the episode “Cross Purpose” (1961)
Roger Mobley (earlier of NBC’s Fury and later on Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color) as Billy in “Sweet Sam” and as Gabe Morse in “The Idol” (both 1962)
Christopher Olsen, as Chris Olsen, appeared as Kenny in the episode, “Incident at Indian Springs” (1957).
Gregg Palmer appeared as Dillard in the 1961 episode “The Frightened Town”.
John M. Pickard guest starred as Ben Cask in “Dark Decision” (1962).
Slim Pickens appeared as Gary Owen in “Big Ghost Basin” (1957).
Mike Ragan appeared in “The Last Train West”, “Lone Gun”, and “Hard Bargain” (1956-1957).
Gilman Rankin appeared as Ringo in “The Mutton Punchers” (1957) and as Price in “Trouble Street” (1961).
Hayden Rorke (I Dream of Jeannie) appeared as Major George Early in “The Long Winter” (1956).
John Russell (later of Lawman) portrayed Matt Reardon, a gunslinger befriended by Cheyenne Bodie in “The Empty Gun” (1958). In the story line, Reardon tries to make amends to Martha Fullerton (Audrey Totter), the widow of the first man that he killed in a challenge. Standing between them is her vengeful son, Mike (Sean Garrison), who calls out Reardon for a final gunfight. Tod Griffin plays Sheriff Frank Day.
James Seay appeared as Duke Tavener in “Gambler” (1958).
Robert F. Simon appeared as Chad Wilcox in the episode “Born Bad” and as Hub Lassiter in the segment “Prisoner of Moon Mesa.”
James Stacy was cast as Luther James in the series finale, “Showdown at Oxbend”, along with his later Lancer co-star Andrew Duggan.
Harold J. Stone appeared as the brutal loudmouth Rafe Larkin, “The Last Comanchero,” in the first episode of 1958. Edd Byrnes appears again in the series in this episode as Benji Balton, whose parents in the New Mexico Territory were murdered by Larkin and whose girlfriend is being held hostage by Larkin’s only surviving son.
Randy Stuart, in addition to “Two Trails to Santa Fe”, was cast in three other episodes “The White Warrior”, “The Long Search” (as saloon owner Margaret “Peg” Ellis, who takes an interest in Cheyenne), and “Retaliation.”
Rod Taylor as Clancy and Edward Andrews as Duncan in “The Argonauts” (November 1, 1955). Gold dust miners are the best of friends until they strike it rich, only to have Indians attack and their valuable dust cast to the wind because of the greed of Duncan.
Vaughn Taylor stars as Doc Johnson, an unusual outlaw known as “The Ghost of the Cimarron” (1958). Cheyenne must ally temporarily with Johnson to clear his own name with the law, as officers think Cheyenne is part of the gang. Peter Brown appears in this episode as Billy Younger Wright King, as the Kiowa Kid.
Ray Teal, later the sheriff on Bonanza, appeared in “Julesburg” as a ruthless cattle baron. Cheyenne comes to the lawless town to aid honest settlers.
Dawn Wells appeared as Sarah Claypool in “Lone Patrol” (1961).
Terry Wilson of Wagon Train appeared in an uncredited role as a robber in “Death Deals the Hand” (1956).
Jeff York was cast as Nick Avalon in “Trial by Justice” (1959).
Tony Young appeared twice, as the Indian Yellow Knife (uncredited) in “Two Trails to Santa Fe” (1960) and as the Indian Johnny Brassbuttons in “Johnny Brasbuttons” (1962). In between those episodes, he appeared in the short-lived CBS western Gunslinger.
Broadcast history
ABC televised the show from 1955 to 1962: September 1955-September 1959 Tuesday 7:30-8:30 P.M. September 1959-December 1962, Monday 7:30-8:30 P.M. April 1963-September 1963, Friday 7:30-8:30 P.M. The series finished #13 in the Nielsen ratings for the 1957-1958 season, #18 for 1958-1959, #17 for 1959-1960 and #28 for 1960-1961.

In its last season, Cheyenne still drew good enough ratings to force the cancellation of the new comedy/drama It’s a Man’s World on NBC, co-starring Glenn Corbett, Michael Burns, Ted Bessell, and Randy Boone. In the spring of 1960, Cheyenne outdistanced singer Kate Smith’s return to television on CBS’s The Kate Smith Show, which was canceled after some six months on the air.

Cheyenne is now shown twice every weekday on the Encore western channels.


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